Manasquan Sending District CurriculumHealth 3-4Unit: Family Life
Stage 1- Desired ResultsEstablished Goals: NJCCCS, 2009
STANDARD 2.1 (Wellness) All students will learn and apply health promotion concepts and skills to support a healthy, active lifestyle.
A. Growth and Development
- Describe the structure and function of human body systems.
- Describe each human life stage and the physical changes that occur at each stage.
- Discuss factors that contribute to healthy physical, social, emotional, and intellectual growth and uniqueness.
- Describe the characteristics of safe and unsafe situations and develop strategies to reduce the risk of injuries at home, school, and community.
- Explain that abuse can take several forms, including verbal, emotional, sexual, and physical, and identify ways to get help should abuse be suspected.
- Describe the characteristics of strangers, acquaintances, and trusted adults and demonstrate safe and appropriate ways to deal with each.
C. Social and Emotional Health
- Describe basic human needs and how individuals and families attempt to meet those needs.
- Discuss how culture, peers, and the media impact the way individuals communicate and express emotions, and how emotions can affect communication, choices, and behaviors.
- Discuss the causes of stress and demonstrate ways to deal with stressful situations.
- Explain and demonstrate ways to cope with rejection, loss, and separation.
- Explain how stereotypes influence personal growth and behavior.
- Describe and demonstrate the effective use of communication skills, including refusal, negotiation, and assertiveness.
- Identify and employ ways to improve listening skills.
B. Decision Making
- Outline the steps to making an effective decision.
- Discuss how parents, peers, and the media influence health decisions and behaviors.
- Describe situations that might require a decision about health and safety.
C. Character Development
- Describe character traits and core ethical values such as trustworthiness, responsibility, respect, caring, justice, fairness, civic virtue, and citizenship.
- Discuss how an individual’s character positively impacts individual and group goals and success.
- Describe different kinds of families and discuss how families can share love, values, and traditions, provide emotional support, and set boundaries and limits.
- Compare the roles, rights, and responsibilities of various family members.
- Discuss ways that families adjust to changes in the nature or structure of the family.
- Discuss how culture and tradition influence personal and family development.
- Discuss factors that support healthy relationships with friends and family.
- Describe the characteristics of a friend.
- Describe appropriate ways to show affection and caring.
- Describe the physical, social, and emotional changes occurring at puberty.
- Discuss why puberty begins and ends at different ages for different people.
C. Pregnancy and Parenting
- Explain that after fertilization, cells divide to create a fetus/embryo that grows and develops inside the uterus during pregnancy.
- Discuss how the health of the birth mother impacts the development of the fetus.
At the end of the unit students will understand that…
- Current and future personal wellness is dependent upon applying health-related concepts and skills in everyday lifestyle behaviors.
- An individual’s health at different life stages is dependent on heredity, environmental factors and lifestyle choices.
- Current and emerging diagnostic, prevention and treatment strategies can help people live healthier and longer than ever before.
- Making good health decisions requires the ability to access and evaluate reliable resources.
- Effective communication skills enhance a person’s ability to express and defend their beliefs.
- Decision-making can be affected by a variety of influences that may not be in a person’s best interest.
- Character can be developed and supported through individual and group activities, the influence of positive role models and involvement in community service.
- Character is who you are when no one is looking.
- Research has clearly established that alcohol, tobacco and other drugs have a variety of harmful effects on the human body.
- Tolerance, appreciation and understanding of individual differences are necessary in order to establish healthy relationships.
- Reliable personal and professional resources are available to assist with relationship problems.
- Technological advances continue to provide increased opportunities to develop relationships anytime and anyplace with a worldwide audience.
- Prenatal care has a direct impact on the delivery and long-term health of the child.
At the end of the unit students will be able to answer…
- What causes optimal growth and development?
- What is the difference between healthy and unhealthy risks?
- How can you learn to like yourself and others?
- How do I learn to stand for and communicate my beliefs to others without alienating them?
- In order to achieve lifetime wellness, what should I plan for and what should I just let happen?
- To what extent do outside influences shape values?
- How do I make the “right” decisions in the face of peer, media and other pressures?
- How do we learn to understand and respect diversity in relationships?
- How do we know when a relationship is not worth saving?
Students will know…
- List the body changes that indicate growth and development.
- Explain how people change as they grow older.
- Describe how responsible self-care influences growth and development.
- There are many different types of healthy families.
- Identify and discuss different family roles, responsibilities, traditions, including those that relate to health promotion and disease prevention.
- How the roles if different family members change as you grow up.
Students will understand that.
- With age and maturity come reasoning and good decision making skills.
- The characteristics of a healthy vs. unhealthy friendship.
- The difference between good touch and bad touch.
- The importance of family rules and those boundaries are meant to keep you safe.
- As you grow your body will change, and you will continue to develop as a special person.
- Different cultures and different families have different traditions.
Students will be able to…
- Identify three health habits that can influence growth and development.
- List physical changes that take place in each cycle of life. Infancy, childhood, pre-adolescence and adulthood.
- Define cells, tissue, organ, body system and traits.
Predictable misconceptions to address are…
- You have to be best friends with everyone.
- Everyone grows at the same rate and at the same time
- Everyone has the same relationships with their family.
- All families are nuclear.
Stage 2- Assessment EvidenceSummative Assessments
- Vocabulary Quiz
- Short paragraphs
- Unit tests
- Role playing
- Oral presentation
- Note taking – fill in
- Tests and quizzes
- Group interaction (fro review research and brainstorm ideas)
- Class discussion
Stage 3- Learning PlanActivities:
- Define the different types of families.
- Look at pictures of different types of families, and identify their similarities and differences.
- Make a list of 5 things that would affect the dynamics of a family.
- Make a poster showing what you give to members of your family. Ex: love, patience, talent, art, etc.
- Cut out pictures from a magazine of older people, and write captions of what you hope to be doing at that point in your life.
- Work in small groups – pick one body system and list the organs that make up that system.
- List five traits that were passed down from family members.
- Select a personal family tradition, and write a short story explaining why it is unique and special to your family.
- Create a comic strip showing what could happen if a family member does not keep up with his or her chores and responsibilities.
- Team work
- Group discussion
- Active listening
- Group participation
- Active reading
- Making charts, graphs and posters.
x__ Art- pictures, posters
___ Music –
_x__ Physical Education – what you can do as a family for health and fitness
___ World Language –
___ Health –
_x__ Science – Body systems
_x__ Social Studies – Culture, environment, heredity
___ Mathematics –
_x__ Language Arts – writing, discussions
Technology Connections: United Streaming, Videos, Internet, DVDs
Resources: United Streaming, Videos, Internet, DVDs, Health Books, and Workbooks.