What is Earth Science?

Earth science is an all-embracing term for the sciences related to the study of the earth and of the universe around it. Earth Science is also known as the Earth sciences, Geoscience, and the Geosciences. Since the Earth Science covers so much information, it is broken down into 4 main branches. They are Astronomy, Geology, Meteorology, and Oceanography.

  1. Astronomy:Astronomy is the study of the universe. Astronomers enjoy studying the solar system, space travel, the possibility of life on the other planets and how our planets may one day use resources from nearby planets, moons, or asteroids. At home, you can use the telescope or visit websites for huge telescopes like the Hubble station to look at distant astronomical objects. You can also look up some of the things that space technology has brought to our everyday lives, such as advanced computers and memory foam mattresses.
  2. Geology: Geology is the study of the Earth’s substance. While learning about the layers of the earth’s crust, geologists explore theories about past civilizations and how the earth was formed. You can look for fossils or go to sites where they can see the actual rock layers. Geologists also explain how rocks are used for fuel and building materials, how humans have mined the earth for resources and how we are now learning new ways to use those resources.
  3. Meteorology:Meteorology is the study of the Earth’s climate, atmosphere and weather. This includes learning about natural disasters, tornadoes, hurricanes, tsunamis and other powerful weather events. Experiments in meteorology might include windsocks, kite or rain measuring-devices; or even old-fashioned predictors interesting.
  4. Oceanography:Oceanography is the study of the earth’s oceans. It’s amazing to learn about the terrain underneath the surface of oceans, especially when learning about the mountain ranges, valleys and trenches deep under the sea. You can explore the fascinating wildlife, the challenges of ocean travel, the changes in eco-systems related to human activity and the vast resources available under those blue waves. It’s important to learn how we need to protect the ocean and animals in it for future generations.