Current Affairs from The Hindu DATE: 19-10-14S.NO. / NEWS ITEM / SYLLUBUS / BACKGROUND / IMPORTANT POINTS
1. / Will give fitting response to Pak: Rajnath / a) I.R / a) Indo – Pak border disputes
b) Line of Control (LOC)
c) International Border (IB)
d) Border Security Force (BSF)
e) Bhaskaracharya Institute for Space Applications and Geoinformatics (BISAG) / a) Home Minister said that India would respond in a counterattack manner to Pakistans ceasefire violations along the IB in Jammu.
b) He was speaking on the sidelines of the inauguration of a remote communication facility at a BSF camp.
c) It is a cooperative project of the BSF and the BISAG.
d) Herepeated Indias commitment to improving ties with Pakistan. India is committed to promoting good relations with Pakistan.
2. / India, UK, US should jointly fight terrorism / a) I.R / a) Global terrorism
b) Gaza and Syria issue
d) UN Secretary General / a) India, Britain and the US as open societies should work more closely together on fighting terrorism that is threatening the youth through new-age technologies.
b) Official said the organisations like the IS were recruiting young Europeans and British nationals through different means including the Internet.
c) The UN Secretary General said that all countries have to work harder together including India and the US and UK to fight this kind of terrorism around the world wherever it is.
3. / Cabinet approves Iran port project / a) I.R / a) India – Iran relations
b) Strait of Hormuz
c) Makran coast
d) Gulf of Oman
e) Gwadar port / a) In a move that could offer important geo-strategic advantage to India by way of access to Afghanistan, the Union Cabinet gave its approval to Indias participation in the Chahbahar port project in Iran.
b) The Cabinet chaired by PM Modi cleared the long pending inter-governmental framework MoU, to be signed between India and Iran.
c) Located along the Makran coast in the Gulf of Oman, Chahbahar is in close presence to the Strait of Hormuz which facilitates about 40 percent of the worlds oil trade and hence has important strategic implications for India.
d) The road or rail link from Chahbahar would provide India the shortest access to Pashtun areas of Afghanistan from the Nimroz province.
e) Not only would it allow India to gain easier access to Afghanistan and central Asia without having to depend on Pakistan, it is also being attempted as Indias answer to Chinese control over Pakistans Gwadar port.
4. / UN Women launches campaign in India / a) National
b) Social issue / a) Gender equality
b) Gender inequality
c) National Mission on Malnutrition
d) Beti bachayo beti padhavo campaign / a) UN Women launched a campaign, aiming at ensuring greater participation of men in promoting womens rights and gender equality.
b) HeForShe is a global unity movement to end gender inequality by 2030.
c) The goal is to engage men and boys as advocates and agents of change in the effort to achieve equality.
d) The ministry has started many initiatives over the last four months to empower women including the onestop crisis centres for women, the national mission on malnutrition and the beti bachayo beti padhayo campaign.
5. / Tonight, MOM spacecraft will have a ringside view of Comet Siding Spring / a) S&T / a) Mars Orbiter Mission (MOM)
b) Comet Siding Spring
c) Mars Colour Camera
d) Methane Sensor for Mars and the Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer
f) Reconnaissance orbiter and Mars Odyssey
g) Mars Express
h) NASAs Opportunity rover
j) Solar system / a) Indias biggest inter-planetary outing will have its once in a million years opportunity tonight.
b) The MOM spacecraft will have a ringside view of a unique comet.
c) The spacecraft has been at the view point since September 24.
d) The teams at the ISRO have kept vigil for the upcoming visit of Comet Siding Spring (C/2013 A1) since then.
e) ISROs payload teams plan to operate four of the five instruments during this period including the Mars Colour Camera and the Methane Sensor for Mars and the Thermal Infrared Imaging Spectrometer.
f) MOM would cover the comet before and after the encounter.
g) It would take pictures of the comet and take a peek at the composition of the gases in its tail which include hydrogen and methane coming from the origin of the Solar System.
h) MOM gets to watch the comet in the best company of fellow orbiters - NASAs MAVEN, Mars Reconnaissance Orbiter and Mars Odyssey; European Space Agencys Mars Expressand NASA rovers Opportunity and Curiosity that are cleaning the Martian surface.