Readings for Miller L1te-15 by Chapter

Readings for Miller L1te-15 by Chapter

Chapter 3Ecosystems: What Are They and How Do They Work?

General information on books can be reviewed at websites such as

Alibrandi, Marsha. 2003. GIS in the Classroom: Using Geographic Information Systems in Social Studies and Environmental Science.Newton, Mass.: Heinemann.

American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS). Seven Bioscience Challenges.

American Institute of Biological Sciences (AIBS). Why Preserve Biodiversity?

AmericanMuseum of Natural History.

AmericanMuseum of Natural History: Resources for Learning.

Animal Diversity Web.

Andrewartha, H. G., and L. C. Birch. 1986.The Ecological Web: More on the Distribution and Abundance of Animals. Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.

Ashman, Mark R., and Geeta Puri. 2002.Essential Soil Science.Hoboken, N. J.: Wiley.

Baskin, Yvonne. 1998. The Work of Nature: How the Diversity of Life Sustains Us. Washington, D. C.: Island Press.

Beattie, Andrew, and Paul R. Ehrlich. 2004. Wild Solutions: How Biodiversity is Money in the Bank.New Haven, Conn.: YaleUniversity Press.

Begon, Michael. 2006. Ecology: From Individuals to Ecosystems. 4th ed. Hoboken, N. J.: Wiley.

Bennet, Elena and Steve R. Carpenter. 2002. “P Soup. (the Global Phosphorus Cycle)” World Watch, March/April, 24.

Benyus, Janine. 2002. Biomimicry: Innovation Inspired by Nature. New York: Perennial.

Berenbaum, May R. 1996.Bugs in the System: Insects and Their Impact on Human Affairs.Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.

Berner, Elizabeth K., and Robert A. Berner. 1995.Global Environment: Water, Air, and Geochemical Cycles. UpperSaddleRiver, N. J.: Prentice Hall.

Berner, Elizabeth K., and Robert A. Berner. 1998. Global Water Cycle: Geochemistry and the Environment. UpperSaddleRiver, N. J.: Prentice Hall.

BiosciEdNet. Digital Libraries for Teaching and Learning in the Biological Sciences.

Bormann, F. H., and Gene E. Likens. 1994.Pattern and Process in a Forested Ecosystem: Disturbance, Development and the Steady State Based on the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Bradbury, Ian K. 1999.The Biosphere. 2nd ed. Hoboken, N. J.: Wiley.

Brady, Nyle C., and Ray R. Weil. 2003. Elements of the Nature and Properties of Soils. 2nd ed. UpperSaddleRiver, N. J.: Prentice Hall.

Brain, Marshall. “How Cells Work.”

British Ecological Society.

Charlson, R. J., et al. 1992.Global Biogeochemical Cycles.New York: Academic Press.

Campbell, J. B. 2006.Introduction to Remote Sensing. 4th ed. Washington, D. C.: New York: Guilford Press.

Capra, Fritjof. 1997.The Web of Life: A New Scientific Understanding of Living Systems.New York: Anchor.

Capra, Fritjof. 2004. The Hidden Connections: A Science for Sustainable Living. New York: Bantam.

Carpenter, Edward J., and Douglas G. Capone, eds. 1983.Nitrogen in the Marine Environment. New York: Academic Press.

Cell Biology.

Cell Biology Resources for Educators.

Cells Alive.Biocams of Microorganisms.

Chapin, F. S. Terry, et al. 2004.Principles of Terrestrial Ecosystem Ecology. 2nd ed. New York: Springer-Verlag.

Chameide, W. L., and E. M. Perdue. 1997.Biogeochemical Cycles. New York: OxfordUniversity Press.

Charman, P.E.V., and B.W. Murphy. 2007. Soils: Their Properties and Management, 3rd ed.New York: OxfordUniversity Press.

Colinvaux, Paul A. 1993.Ecology. 2nd ed. Hoboken, N. J.: Wiley.

Cook, L. M. 1991.Genetic and Ecological Diversity. New York: Chapman & Hall.

CourseWare: Environmental Science Simulators.

Craige, Betty Jean. 2001. Eugene Odom: Ecosystem Ecologist and Environmentalist.Athens: University of Georgia Press.

Daily, Gretchen, ed. 1997.Nature's Services: Society's Dependence on Natural Ecosystems. Washington, D. C.: Island Press.

Description of species:

Dickinson, G. 2007. Ecosystems. 2nd ed. London: Routledge.

DNA and Gene Information.Gene Almanac.

DNA Interactive.

Dodson, StanleyI., et al. 1998. Ecology.New York: OxfordUniversity Press.

Drury, William H. 1998.Chance and Change: Ecology for Conservationists.Berkeley: University of California Press.

Ecological Society of America.

Ecological Society of America. Online Journals.

Ehrlich, Anne H., and Paul R. Ehrlich. 1987.Earth.New York: Franklin Watts.

Eisner, Thomas. 2005. For Love of Insects. Cambridge, Mass.:HarvardUniversity Press.

Eisner, Thomas, et al. 2007. Secret Weapons: Defenses of Insects, Spiders, Scorpions, and Other Many-Legged Creatures.Cambridge, Mass.: HarvardUniversity Press.

Elsom, Derek M. 1992. Earth: The Making, Shaping, and Working of a Planet.New York: Macmillan.

Elsom, Derek M. 2000. Planet Earth.New York: Macmillan.


Envirolink: The Online Environmental Community:


Farnham, Timothy J. 2007.Saving Natures Legacy: Origin of the Idea of Biological Diversity.New Haven, Conn.: YaleUniversity Press.

Field, Christopher B., et al. 1998. “Primary Production of the Biosphere: Integrating Terrestrial and Oceanic Components.” Science. Vol. 281, 237-240.

Fields, Scott. 2004. “Global Nitrogen: Cycling Out of Control.” Environmental Health Perspectives, vol. 12, no. 10, July.

Fothergill, Alastair. 2007. Planet Earth As You Have Never Seen It Before.Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.

Freedman, Bill. 1994.Environmental Ecology: The Impacts of Pollution and Other Stresses on Ecosystem Structure and Function. 2nd ed.San Diego, Calif.: Academic Press.

Freudenrich, Craig C. “How the Sun Works.”

Galloway, James N., and Ellis B. Cowling. 2002. “Reactive Nitrogen and the World.” Ambio, vol. 31, no. 7, 501.

Galloway, James N., et al, 2003. “The Nitrogen Cascade.” BioScience, vol. 53, no. 4, 341.

Gaston, Kevin J., et al. 2004. Biodiversity: An Introduction. 2nd ed. Cambridge, Mass: Wiley-Blackwell.

Geosphere Imagery. Images of the Earth.

Gest, Howard. 2003.Microbes: An Invisible Universe. Washington, D. C.: ASM Press.

Global Biodiversity Information Facility (GBIF)

Global Biogeochemical Cycles.

Globe Program.Hands-On Education and Science Program.

Golley, Frank Benjamin. 1998. A Primer for Environmental Literacy. New Haven, Conn.: YaleUniversity Press.

Hák, Thomás, et al. 2007. Sustainability Indicators: A Scientific Assessment. Washington, D. C.: Island Press.

Heathcote, Isabel W., et al. 1996.Environmental Problem Solving: A Case Study Approach.Columbus, Ohio: McGraw-Hill.

Hilborn, Ray, and Marc Mangel. 1997.The Ecological Detective.Princeton, N. J.: PrincetonUniversity Press.

Hillel, Daniel. 1992.Out of the Earth: Civilization and the Life of the Soil.Berkeley: University of California Press

Hoekstra, A. Y. 2006. “Human Appropriation of Natural Capital: A comparison of Ecological Footprint and Water Footprint Analysis.”

Hoyt, Erich, and Ted Schultz, eds. 2002. Insect Lives: Stories of Mystery and Romance from a Hidden World.Cambridge, Mass.: HarvardUniversity Press.

Hulot, Nicolas, et al. 2006. One Planet: A Celebration of Biodiversity.New York: Harry N. Abrams.

Huxley, Anthony. 2006.Green Inheritance: Saving the Plants of the World.Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.

Imhoff, Marc L., et al. 2004. “Global Patterns in Human Consumption of Net Primary Production.” Nature, vol. 429, 870-873.

Insects.3-D Insects.

Institute of Ecosystem Studies.Understanding the Ecosystems that Support Life.

Irwin, Francis, and Janet Ranganathan. 2007. Restoring Nature ‘s Capital: An Action Agenda to Sustain Ecosystem Services. World Resources Institute.

Jorgensen, Sven, et al., eds. 2004. Handbook of Ecological Indicators for Assessment of Ecosystem Health.Boca Raton, Fla.: CRC.

Kaiser, Jocelyn, 2001. "The Other Global Pollutant: Nitrogen Proves Tough to Curb." Science, vol. 294, 1268.

Kohnke, Helmut, and D. P. Franzmeier. 1994.Soil Science Simplified.Prospect Heights, Ill.: Waveland.

Koneman, Elmer W. 2002. The Other End of the Microscope: the Bacteria Tell Their Own Story.Herndon, Va.: ASM Press.

Krebs, Charles J. 2002.Ecology: The Experimental Analysis of Distribution & Abundance. 5th ed. Reading, Mass.: Addison-Wesley.

L’Hirondel, Jean-Louis. 2002.Nitrate and Man: Toxic, Harmless, or Beneficial.Cambridge, Mass.: CABI.

Likens, Gene E. 2004. “Some Perspectives On Long-Term Biogeochemical Research From the Hubbard Brook Ecosystem Study.” Ecology, vol. 85, 2355-2362.

Logan, William B. 2006. Dirt: The Ecstatic Skin of the Earth.New York: W. W. Norton.

Long Term Ecological Research Network.

Losey, John E., and Mace Vaughan. 2006. “The Economic Value of Ecological Services Provided by Insects.” BioScience, vol. 56, no. 4, 311-323.

Lovelock, James E. 1991.Healing Gaia: Practical Medicine for the Planet.New York: Random House.

Lovelock, James. 1995.The Ages of Gaia. Rev. ed/ New York: W. W. Norton.

Lovelock, James. 2000. Gaia: A New Look at Life on Earth.New York: OxfordUniversity Press.

Lovelock, James E. 2007. The Revenge of Gaia: Earth’s Climate Crisis and the Fate of Humanity.New York:Perseus Books.

Lubchenco, Jane. 1998. "Entering the Century of the Environment: A New Social Contract for Science." Science, vol. 279, 491.

Macmillan. 1997.The Way Nature Works. Hoboken, N. J.: Wiley.

Malone, Lyn, et al, 2002.Mapping Our World: GIS Lessons for Educators. ESRI Press.

Margulis, Lynn, and Karlene V. Schwartz. 2003.Five Kingdoms: An Illustrated Guide to the Phyla of Life on Earth. New York: Springer.

Marshall, Alan. 2002. The Unity of Nature: Wholeness and Disintegration in Ecology and Science.London: ImperialCollege Press.

Maynard, Elliott. 2003.Transforming the Global Biosphere: Twelve Futuristic Strategies.Sedona, Ariz.: ArcosCielosResearchCenter.

MichiganStateUniversity.Microbe Zoo.

Millennium Ecosystem Assessment. 2005. Ecosystems and Human Well-Being.Washington, D. C.: Island Press. and and

Miller, Gary, and Robert E. Ricklefs. 1999. Ecology. 4th ed. New York: Freeman.

Molles, Manuel C., Jr. 2006. Ecology: Concepts and Applications4th ed. New York: McGraw Hill.

Myers, Norman, and Jennifer Kent, eds. 2005. The New Atlas of Planet Management.Berkeley, Calif.: University of California Press.

Naskreci, Piot. 2007.The Smaller Majority.Cambridge, Mass.: Belknap Press.

NationalAcademy of Sciences. 1986. Ecological Knowledge and Environmental Problem-Solving. Washington, D. C.: National Academies Press.

NationalAcademy of Sciences. 2004.Valuing Ecosystem Services: Toward Better Environmental Decision Making. Washington, D. C.: National Academies Press.

National Biological Information Infrastructure (NBII).

National Science Foundation. 2003.Complex Environmental Systems: Synthesis for Earth, Life and Society in the 21st Century.

NaturalHistoryMuseum. London.

Natural Resources Conservation Service. “NRCS soil website” at

Nature Serve.Information About Plants, Animals, and Ecological Communities.

Net Primary Productivity (NPP) Database.

Net Primary Productivity (NPP). Global Satellite Maps.

New York Times. 2000.Manipulating the Carbon Cycle.

Odum, Eugene P. and Gary W. Barrett. 2004.Fundamentals of Ecology. 5th ed. Belmont, Calif. Brooks/Cole.

Odum, Eugene P. 1998.Ecological Vignettes: Ecological Approaches to Dealing with Human Predicaments. London, England: Taylor & Francis.

Oki, Taikn, and Shinjiro. 2006. “Global Hydrological Cycles and World Water Resources.” Science, vol. 313, 1068-1072.

Online Encyclopedia of Life.

Orians, Gordon H. 1990. "Ecological Concepts of Sustainability." Environment, November, 10.

Palmer, Margaret, et al. 2004. “Ecology for a Crowded Planet.” Science, vol. 304, 28 May, 1251.

Parris, Thomas M. 2000. “Space Pixels: The Next Generation of Earth Sensing: Key Websites for Images of the Earth.” Environment, vol. 42, no. 7, 3.

Parris, Thomas M. 2002. “Getting Dirty: Soil Resources on the Web: Key Websites.” Environment, vol. 44, no. 2, 3.

Pickett, Stuart T., et. al. 2007. Ecological Understanding. 2nd ed. New York: Academic Press.

Pimm, Stuart. 2002. Food Webs.Chicago, Ill.: University of Chicago Press.

Pimm, Stuart. 2004.A Scientist Audits the Earth.Brunswick, N. J.: RutgersUniversity Press.

Ricklefs, Robert E. 2006.The Economy of Nature: A Textbook in Basic Ecology. 5th ed. New York: W.H. Freeman.

Slobodkin, L. B. 2003.A Citizen’s Guide to Ecology. New York: OxfordUniversity Press.

Socolow, Robert H. 1999. “Nitrogen Management and the Future of Food: Lessons from the Management of Energy and Carbon.” Proceedings of the NationalAcademy of Sciences, vol. 96, 6001.

Sherbinin, Alex, et al. 2002. "Remote Sensing Data." Environment, vol. 44, no. 1, 20.

Smil, Vaclav. 1997. Cycles of Life: Civilization and the Biosphere.New York: Scientific American Library.

Smil, Vaclav. 1997. "Global Population and the Nitrogen Cycle." Scientific American, July, 76.

Smil, Vaclav. 2001. Enriching the Earth: Fritz Haber, Carl Bosch, and the Transformation of World Food Production.Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Smil, Vaclav. 2003.The Earth’s Biosphere. Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Smith, Robert L., and Thomas S. Smith. 2005.Elements of Ecology. 6th ed. New York: San Francisco, Calif.: Benjamin/Cummins.

SmithsonianMuseum of Natural History.

Townsend, Colin R., 2007.Essentials of Ecology. 3rd ed. Cambridge, Mass.: Blackwell.

Tree of Life Program.Detailed Information on the World’s Organisms.

Turner, Will R., et al. 2007. “Global Conservation of Biodiversity and Ecosystem Services.” BioScience, November, 863-873

U.N. Environment Programme. 2003. “The Nitrogen Cascade: Impacts of Food and Energy Production on the Global Nitrogen Cycle,” Global Environment Outlook Yearbook.

University of Wisconsin-Stevens Point, Department of Geography and Geology. 2001. Internet Resources for Ecology.

U.S. Geological Survey. The Water Cycle.

U.S. Global Change Research Program.Ecosystems.

U.S. Global Change Research Program.Global Carbon Cycle.

U.S. Global Change Research Program.Global Water Cycle.

Vitousek, Peter M., et al. 1986. "Human Appropriation of the Products of Photosynthesis." BioScience, June, 368.

Vitousek, Peter M., et al. 1997. "Human Alteration of the Global Nitrogen Cycle: Sources and Consequences." Ecological Applications, vol. 7, no. 3, 737.

Vitousek, Peter M., et al. 1997. "Human Domination of the Earth’s Ecosystems." Science, vol. 277, 494.

Volk, Tyler. 2003. Gaia's Body: Toward a Physiology of the Earth.Cambridge, Mass.: MIT Press.

Waldbauer, Gilbert. 2004. What Good Are Bugs? Insects in the Web of Life.Cambridge, Mass: HarvardUniversity Press.

Wadsworth, R. and J. Treweek.1999.GIS for Ecology.London: Longman

Whittaker, Robert H. 1975. Communities and Ecosystems. 2nd ed. New York: Macmillan.

Worster, Donald. 1994. Nature's Economy: A History of Ecological Ideas. 2nd ed. New York: CambridgeUniversity Press.

Zimmer, Carl. 2004. “Those Brilliant Fall Outfits May Be Saving Trees.” New York Times, Oct. 19.