Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA1998)

Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA1998)

Human Rights Act 1998 (HRA1998)

The Human Rights Act 1998, incorporating the European Court of Human Rights (ECHR), was adopted into UK law on 2nd October 2000.

It does not confer any new rights. The main difference is that individuals will be able to enforce the Convention in the UK courts, if they think a public authority* has breached or is likely to breach a Convention right or freedom affecting them. This may result in more challenges, well founded or otherwise.

*A GP surgery carrying out work within the NHS is a public authority for the purposes of the Human Rights Act.

The key Articles that relate to work within this practice and the NHS include:

Article 2: Right to life

Article 3: Right not to be subjected to inhuman or degrading treatment

Article 5: Right to liberty

Article 8: Right to respect for private and family life

Article 12:Right to marry & found a family

This practice will not act in any way that is incompatible with the HRA1998.

Clean Desk Policy

It is the policy of this practice to ensure that where practical all documents and information are removed from desktops and correctly filed when not in use.

Computer Misuse Act 1990 (CMA1990)

This legislation has created three criminal offences related to computer systems.

  • Unauthorised Access.
  • Unauthorised access with the intent to commit or facilitate the commission of further offences.
  • Unauthorised modification.

If you suspect that any of these offences are, or may be being committed, notify the Practice Manager or a Partner for advice.

The Park Practice

Information for Patients



Data Protection

•We ask you for information about yourself so that you can receive proper care and treatment

•We keep this information, together with details of your care, because it may be needed if we see you again.

•You have a right of access to a copy of your health records.

•We may use some of this information for other reasons: for example, to help us protect the health of the public generally and to see that the NHS runs efficiently, plans for the future, trains its staff, pays its bills and can account for its actions. Information may also be needed to help educate tomorrow's clinical staff and to carry out medical and other health research for the benefit of everyone.

•Sometimes the law requires us to pass on information: for example, to notify a birth. The NHS Central Register for EnglandWales contains basic personal details of all patients registered with a general practitioner. This Register does not contain clinical information and is not used to make any decisions about the treatment or care that you receive from your hospital or GP. Should there be any further uses of this information there are strict controls by the NHS Information Authority and an independent body called the Security and Confidentiality Advisory Group who report to the Government Chief Medical Officer.


You may be receiving care from other people as well as the NHS. So that we can all work together for your benefit we may need to share some information about you. We only ever use or pass on information about you if people have a genuine need for it in your and everyone'sinterests. Whenever we can we shall remove details which identify you. Law strictly controls the sharing of some types of very sensitive personal information. Anyone who receives information from us is also under a legal duty to keep it confidential.


•giving you health care and treatment

•looking after the health of the general public

•managing and planning the NHS. For example:

•making sure that our services can meet patient needs in the future

•paying your doctor, nurse, dentist, or other staff, and the hospital which treats you for the care they provide

•auditing accounts

•preparing statistics on NHS performance and activity (where steps will to be taken to ensure you cannot be identified)

•investigating complaints or legal claims

•helping staff to review the care they provide to make sure it is of the highest standard

•training and educating staff (but you can choose whether or not to be involved personally in

•research approved by the Local Research Ethics Committee. You will not be identified in any published results without your agreement).

If you agree, your relatives, friends or carers will be kept up to date with the progress of your treatment.

If at any time you would like to know more about how we use your information you can speak to the person in charge of your care or to the Practice Manager.


Patients have a right to expect that information about them is kept confidential.

This practice will use patient-identifiable information only for the individual patient’s health care, for internal audit arrangements and to justify certain payments to the practice. Under certain circumstances, it may be possible for visiting computer engineers to view patient-identifiable information. Such engineers are bound by strict contractual and legal confidentiality requirements.

All other uses of information will require patient consent or where the disclosure can be justified.

The General Medical Council (GMC) gives additional guidance on when disclosures may be justified.

Data that has been anonymised such that patients cannot be identified may be used by the practice and others for research purposes without seeking further consent.