History 12 Unit2 WORLD WAR 1
History 12 – Unit2 – WORLD WAR 1
Read the Trench Warfare and Major Events, People and Changes articles (marked out of 10)
- Why was the war not over by Christmas?
- Explain how the fighting reached stalemate on the Western Front.
- How and why was the war different from what people expected.
- Explain the ways in which techniques, tactics and equipment impacted world war one. (In the major events, peoples and changes document)
- the development of trench systems (Trench warfare document)
- the use of poison gas (Major Events, Peoples, Changes)
- the use of tanks (Major Events, Peoples, Changes)
- Finish your report by explaining which of these developments you think was the most important/significant?
- What day to day tasks did soldiers have to do?
Now watch the video Front Lines Vignettes (CABE Public Drive: History 12) and answer the following questions:
The Officer’s Roles:
- What was the officers' responsibilities and the structure of Canadian forces in the First World War?
Nurses at the Front:
- Explain the role of the nursing sisters
Faith and Hope:
- What did faith do for the soldiers? What did they hope for?
The Life of a Soldier:
- What was the life of a soldier like?
- Explain what the trenches were like.
The Christmas Truce. (30 minutes)
Watch the video and explain
- What happened on Christmaseve and on Christmas day?
- Why didthe soldiers do this and what was the response of the leaders?
- How did the soccer game start?
- How did the leaders “end” the Christmas truce?
- Why do you think the soldiers were willing to stop the fighting and meet in the no man’s land? In a similar situation, do you think you would be able do that?
Now watch the Battle of the Somme video – Slaughter and Sacrifice.
- What went wrong with the plan of attack on the Somme?
- Was it all the fault of General Haig?
- Why do some historians argue that the Battle of the Somme was not a military disaster?
- How many Canadians died at the Somme?
The Paris Peace Treaty:
- What did each of the following nations want (at the 2 minute mark)?
- The United States
- What was happening in Berlin following the armistice? Why would it be such a concern to Britain?
- List all the terms that Germany had to agree to? (Beginning at the 6 minute mark in the video)