BadlandsBus Study Answers

1.What is the number of the highway which connects Regina with Corinne? #6

2.In what direction does the above highway run? North and south

3.Name two crops which are grown in this area: canola, flax, oats, wheat

4.Why are there variations in the colour of the stubble in the fields along the highway?

Different types of crops

5.Explain the significance of the uncultivated patches in the middle of some grain fields.

Land that is too wet in the spring to plant

6.Why is there an absence of barbed-wire fences along most of the highway betweenRegina and Corinne?Land is used for grain farming primarily, not livestock

7.Where are the only trees in the area to be found? Around the farm yards

What is their purpose? Wind breaks

8.What is a “Correction Line”?

Aline used as a new base line in laying out townships in Saskatchewan.A correction line is necessary every 24 miles because the lines of longitude converge as you go north, and the townships must be square. Without the correction line, a new township to the north would have a smaller base line that the ones to the south. North–south roads that follow the survey system have to jog to the east or west at the correction lines.

9.Looking to the southwest, you can see a range of hills. What is their name?Dirt Hills

10.Why are there no major drainage patterns (creeks or rivers) between Regina and Corinne? The area is a glacial lake basin.

11.How is rain and snow meltwater removed from this area? Evaporation, saturation

12.What is the significance of:

Wood Mountain Trail? This trail was used by fur traders and Sitting Bull during the fur trade.

Yankee Ridge? The trail was used by the rum runners during prohibition.

13.What is the number of the highway connecting Corinne and Avonlea? #334

What direction does this road run?West and east.

14.What is the difference between a ‘dugout’ and a ‘borrow pit’?

Dugout is dug by a farmer and the soil is left as a small hill to one side. Borrow pit is dug by the highways department and the soil removed to maintain and construct roads.

15.What is the first major drainage pattern that we cross after turning at Corinne?

Moose Jaw Creek

Why are there now drainage patterns in this area? Nearing the edge of the glacial lake basin.

16.How is the soil changing as we get closer to Avonlea? Lighter and grayer in colour

17.How are uncultivated areas different here than closer to Regina?

The areas here are not tilled because the soil in the area is poor for farming. These areas consist of grassland plants.

18.The uncultivated areas near Avonlea are economically important. What is their importance?Raise livestock

19.Name 4 different ways farmers store grain.

a)plastic bags

b) wooden bins

c) steel bins

d) hopper bottom steel bins

May 6, 2011