Tri-state Maritime Safety Association

Law Enforcement - Maritime Domain Awareness Training

Course Outline

Maritime Domain Awareness

Learning Objectives

  1. Introduction
  2. Course Overview
  3. describes the topics and emphasis of the course
  4. Competencies to be achieved
  5. describes the competencies that will be achieved through the completion of the of the course
  6. Current Security threats and patterns
  7. Notes potential threats and impacts using Historical Incidents
  8. Note Israeli incidents
  9. USS Cole
  11. Port Mobil, NY
  12. Texas City, TX
  15. Terrorism vs. Criminal Incidents – describes difference between motivation of differing groups that might use similar tactics for different reasons
  16. Threats – provides overview of potential threats.
  18. WMD Maritime Threat
  19. Containers
  20. Small Boats/Recreational Boats
  21. Fishing Boats
  22. Commercial Vessels
  23. Mining
  24. Aircraft
  25. Underwater Threats
  26. Commercial Facilities
  27. Marinas
  28. MK-10 Motors (IRA-Al Qaeda Connection)
  29. Criminal Operations/Smuggling
  30. Vessel and Port Operations and Conditions – This section provides an overview of the nature and characteristics of our port system.
  31. Marine Transportation System Awareness
  32. Marine Transportation System Overview- Characterizes the nature of transportation and the interfaces between vessels, facilities and other modes of transportation.
  33. USCG Sector Delaware Bay
  34. Marine Transportation Scale – This notes the significantly larger scale involved in maritime transportation in comparison to other modes.
  35. Ports at Risk – describes the components of a port system that may be targets of a terrorists.
  36. Vessels
  37. Commercial Vessels
  38. Who’s in charge
  39. Who’s on board
  40. Facilities
  41. Pipelines
  42. Channels
  43. Bridges/Tunnels
  44. Sports Venues
  45. Airports
  46. Port Facilities
  47. The Marine Environment – describes aspects of the marine environment that LEO’s may not be familiar with.
  48. Introduction – Unique Challenges
  49. Tides, Currents and Weather
  50. Vessel Traffic, Channels and Navigation
  51. Marine Terminals
  52. Liquid Bulk
  53. Dry Bulk
  54. Container
  55. Break Bulk
  56. Motor Vehicle
  57. Ro-Ro
  58. Rail
  59. Ferry / Passenger
  60. Piers and Wharves
  61. Shipyards and Dry Docks
  62. Moorings
  63. Maritime Security Policy, Regulations, and Authority
  64. Demonstrates awareness of relevant international conventions, codes and recommendations and how they affect local law enforcement
  65. Maritime Transportation Safety Act
  66. Foreign vessels & local law enforcement
  67. PDD-39
  68. President's Commission on Critical Infrastructure Protection (PCCIP)
  69. Maritime Security Coordination
  70. Local Law EnforcementRole
  71. Maritime Consequence Management – Lead Responsibility?
  72. Coast Guard, states and FEMA
  73. Maritime Threat Planning, Preparedness and Prevention
  74. Response Planning Prioritization – describes how numerous threats are prioritized.
  75. Perceived Threat – describes how terrorism is seen as the only maritime threat.
  76. Unseen Threat – describes how lack of maritime preparedness and planning at the local level can be an even greater threat than an incident itself
  77. 911 DilemmaLocal Challenges – notes that with the success of our 911 emergency systems, many federal and state agencies assume more maritime preparedness exists than it does in actuality.
  78. Consequence Management Issues – Failure to Plan – notes that CM is equally important as prevention and should not be viewed as defeatist attitude.
  79. Pre-Incident Planning
  80. Determine Targets
  81. Develop Integrated Maritime Security Plan
  82. Identifying Resources
  83. Identifying Shortfalls
  84. Identifying Training
  85. Enhancing Capabilities
  86. C4I
  87. Obvious Threats – notes plans must include expected incidents.
  88. Overlooked Threats – encourages “out-of-the-box” thinking to plan for unexpected threats
  89. Vessel used as weapon
  90. M/V MONTE BLANC Scenario – describes potential impact from a large explosion within the port whether form conventional or special explosives
  91. Large quantity of conventional explosives – describes vessel seized overseas with large quantity of suspect explosives
  92. Nuclear explosives: discusses the use of Special or Medium Atomic Demolition Munitions (S/MDAM).
  93. Port Security Planning for Response – describes the importance of planning for incidents within a port that involve:
  94. Vessels
  95. Facilities
  96. Pipelines
  97. Bridges/Tunnels
  98. Chokepoints
  99. Channels
  100. Critical Infrastructure
  101. Maritime Incident Prevention
  102. Harbor Patrols
  103. Over-flight Surveillance
  104. Personnel Inspection
  105. Radiological Detection
  106. Cargo Inspection
  107. Technology
  108. Bomb Dogs
  109. Threat Identification, Assessment, Recognition, and Response.
  110. Risk Assessments – describes how Risk is based upon the caparison of:
  111. Threats
  112. Vulnerability
  113. Consequences
  114. Port Security Response
  115. MDA – describes the importance of Maritime Domain Awareness in being able to effectively responding to a maritime incident.
  116. Threats – reviews the potential threats that may be encountered.
  117. Targets – reviews potential targets found in the marine environment
  118. Rules of Engagement/Use of Force – notes the importance of understanding use of force and rules of engagement working with multiple agencies, especially for specialized units such as marine and aviation.
  119. Resource Assessment–Describes the need for resource identification and training.
  120. Vessel Tracking – describes the importance of the ability to track vessels in the marine environment and distinguish between threats and non-threats.
  121. Homeland Security Assessment System (HSAS) and Maritime Security (MARSEC) Levels – compares homeland security threat levels to maritime security levels.
  122. Overview
  123. MARSEC Level 1
  124. MARSEC Level 2
  125. MARSEC Level 3
  126. Maritime Operations – notes the importance of marine training for:
  127. Marine Units
  128. Tactical Ops Units
  129. Aviation Units
  130. Canine Units
  131. Joint Operations – notes how effective joint operations can be between multi-discipline units.
  132. Command, Control, Communications and Computer Interoperability (C4I) – documents the need for organizations and agencies to be able to communicate and share tactical information during operations.
  133. C4I Integration – provides brief overview how interoperability may be achieved.
  134. Emergency Preparedness, Drills and Exercises
  135. Awareness of contingency plans
  136. Actions take in case of a breach of security, namely reporting the breach to the proper authority for:
  137. Unauthorized personnel
  138. Suspicious Packages
  139. Open access (doors, gates, etc…)
  140. Suspicious Activities
  141. Awareness of contingency plans
  142. Hijacking
  143. Bomb or other CBRNE threat
  144. Unidentified objects/explosives on vessels
  145. Unidentified objects/explosives on facilities
  146. Damage to/destruction of facility
  147. Cargo theft
  148. Stowaways
  149. Security drills and exercises
  150. Requirements for conducting drills and exercises
  151. References