Unit 5, 6, and 7 Study Guide

Unit 5, 6, and 7 Study Guide



Unit 5, 6, and 7 Study Guide

Directions: Please complete this on a sheet of paper. You will be having an exam at the end of the week. You may use the textbook or search for answers online. This is DUE ON WEDNESDAY 3/22.


  1. Definitions:
  2. Genotype
  3. Phenotype
  4. Heredity
  5. Heterozygous
  6. Homozygous
  7. Recessive
  8. Dominant
  9. Allele
  10. Pedigree
  11. Who was Gregor Mendel?
  12. What was he known for?
  13. Match the genotypes to the phenotypes by drawing a line between them:

AA / Heterozygous
Aa / Homozygous Recessive
aa / Homozygous Dominant
  1. What sex chromosomes do girls have? And what sex chromosomes do boys have?
  2. What would happen if a boy or a girl had the wrong sex chromosomes?
  3. What is a punnett square?
  4. What do the individual squares in a punnett square represent?
  5. How many alleles does each person have per trait/characteristics?
  6. What’s the difference between a chromosome and a gene?


  1. Definitions:
  2. DNA
  3. mRNA
  4. Double Helix
  5. Nucleotide
  6. Replication
  7. Transcription
  8. Translation
  9. Codon
  10. What are the nucleotide bases in DNA? (the full words!)
  11. What are the nucleotide bases in mRNA? (the full words!)
  12. What is the DNA backbone made of?
  13. What are the base pairing rules?
  14. What is the central dogma? Why is it important?
  15. Do you know how to tell the sequence of RNA from a sequence of DNA? If a DNA segment has the nucleotides AGCCTAA, what will the RNA sequence be?
  16. What will the amino acid sequence be for this RNA?
  17. How many nucleotides make up a codon?
  18. What’s the difference between different types of mutations?
  19. Substitution
  20. Insertion
  21. Deletion
  22. Frameshift
  23. What factors may cause mutations?

UNIT 7: Mutations & Bioengineering

  1. Definitions:
  2. Mitosis
  3. Meiosis
  4. Chromosome
  5. Chromatid
  6. Sex Chromosome
  7. Cell Cycle
  8. Cytokinesis
  9. Daughter cells
  10. Somatic Cell
  11. Gamete
  12. Fertilization
  13. Mutation
  1. Be able to explain the importance of mitosis.
  2. Why does mitosis happen?
  3. In what types of cells would mitosis take place?
  4. What is the result of mitosis?
  5. Be able to explain the importance of meiosis.
  6. Why does meiosis happen?
  7. In what types of cells would meiosis take place?
  8. What is the result of meiosis?
  9. What are differences between Meiosis & Mitosis?
  10. What is a “designer baby”?
  11. What is a “test tube baby”?
  12. What process is used to make a “test tube baby”?
  13. Be able to describe the following genetic conditions:
  14. Cystic Fibrosis
  15. Symptoms:
  16. Sickle Cell Anemia
  17. Symptoms:
  18. Who is most likely to have this condition?
  19. Hemophilia
  20. Symptoms:
  21. What causes Down syndrome?