Due Date: WEDNESDAY, MARCH 22ND
Unit 5, 6, and 7 Study Guide
Directions: Please complete this on a sheet of paper. You will be having an exam at the end of the week. You may use the textbook or search for answers online. This is DUE ON WEDNESDAY 3/22.
UNIT 5: MENDELIAN GENETICS
- Who was Gregor Mendel?
- What was he known for?
- Match the genotypes to the phenotypes by drawing a line between them:
AA / Heterozygous
Aa / Homozygous Recessive
aa / Homozygous Dominant
- What sex chromosomes do girls have? And what sex chromosomes do boys have?
- What would happen if a boy or a girl had the wrong sex chromosomes?
- What is a punnett square?
- What do the individual squares in a punnett square represent?
- How many alleles does each person have per trait/characteristics?
- What’s the difference between a chromosome and a gene?
UNIT 6: DNA
- Double Helix
- What are the nucleotide bases in DNA? (the full words!)
- What are the nucleotide bases in mRNA? (the full words!)
- What is the DNA backbone made of?
- What are the base pairing rules?
- What is the central dogma? Why is it important?
- Do you know how to tell the sequence of RNA from a sequence of DNA? If a DNA segment has the nucleotides AGCCTAA, what will the RNA sequence be?
- What will the amino acid sequence be for this RNA?
- How many nucleotides make up a codon?
- What’s the difference between different types of mutations?
- What factors may cause mutations?
UNIT 7: Mutations & Bioengineering
- Sex Chromosome
- Cell Cycle
- Daughter cells
- Somatic Cell
- Be able to explain the importance of mitosis.
- Why does mitosis happen?
- In what types of cells would mitosis take place?
- What is the result of mitosis?
- Be able to explain the importance of meiosis.
- Why does meiosis happen?
- In what types of cells would meiosis take place?
- What is the result of meiosis?
- What are differences between Meiosis & Mitosis?
- What is a “designer baby”?
- What is a “test tube baby”?
- What process is used to make a “test tube baby”?
- Be able to describe the following genetic conditions:
- Cystic Fibrosis
- Sickle Cell Anemia
- Who is most likely to have this condition?
- What causes Down syndrome?