South Carolina History

South Carolina History

SC Social Studies Standards

Standard 8-4: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the multiple events that led to the Civil War.

Standard 8-5: The student will understand the impact of Reconstruction, industrialization, and Progressivism on society and politics in South Carolina in the late nineteenth and early twentieth centuries.

Standard 8-6: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the role of South Carolina in the nation in the early twentieth century.

Standard 8-7: The student will demonstrate an understanding of the impact on South Carolina of significant events of the late twentieth and early twenty-first centuries.

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SC History Final Exam Study Guide

Final Exam: Thursday - May 25, 2017

**Cheat Sheet: 8 ½ x 11; front & back; handwritten **


  1. Define the term Antebellum. What American War does the word relate to?
  2. Describe the outcome of the Dred Scot decision.
  3. After the election of Abraham Lincoln, what action did SC take?
  4. Provide 3 advantages of the Union and the Confederacy during the Civil War.


  1. During the Reconstruction Era, who were the scalawags? Who were the carpetbaggers?
  2. What was the Freedmen’s Bureau and what was its goals?
  3. Describe a poll tax and literacy test. Why were they created in Southern governments?

  1. What problems did South Carolina face during Reconstruction? (social, political, economic)

  1. What type of terror tactics did the Ku Klux Klan use to intimidate African Americans from voting?
  2. Explain sharecropping.
  3. What were the goals of the Populist movement? Who was the leader in South Carolina?

  1. What industry grew in the latter part of the 19th century in the Upcountry? Explain why. What cheap source of labor did mill owners use? What name was given to the neighborhoods that surrounded textile mills?
  2. What part of the United States did European immigrants in the late 19th century move to? Why?
  3. In the late 19th and early 20th centuries, why did many small farmers move from rural areas to industrial centers in South Carolina?
  4. What kind of college is Clemson? What field of study is Clemson University dedicated to?

  1. What are compulsory school attendance laws? Why was it discouraged in the textile industry?

  1. What damage did the Earthquake of 1886 have on Charleston? What crop did the Hurricane of 1893 have on the Low Country?
  2. What were Jim Crow laws? What areas of society did they affect?


  1. What was the 19th amendment? When was it ratified in South Carolina?
  2. What is prohibition?

  1. What is the NAACP? What are their goals?
  2. What is the leading industry in South Carolina today? When did this industry first become popular in the state? What factors led to this industry? What is the most popular region in the state?
  3. What affect did the Great Migration have on the economy of South Carolina?

  1. What improvements in transportation helped connect rural and urban areas in South Carolina?
  2. What is the boll weevil?
  3. How did South Carolina contribute to the war effort during WWI?
  4. What was the purpose of FDR’s New Deal programs?
  5. Complete the New Deal chart below.

Complete Name of Program / Explanation / Impact on SC
Santee Cooper Electricity
  1. List the ways South Carolina contributed to the war effort during World War II.
  2. Who were the Tuskegee Airmen? What impact did they have on segregation in the military during World War II?


  1. What were the arguments in the Briggs v. Elliot court case?
  2. How did the Savannah River Nuclear Plant contribute to the Cold War?
  3. Who were the Friendship Nine? What impact did they have on the Civil Rights movement?
  4. What system was created in the 1950s to provide for faster travel throughout the United States?

Identify the importance of the following individuals/events:

  • Strom Thurmond
  • Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Abraham Lincoln
  • Benjamin “Pitchfork” Tillman
  • Dred Scott
  • Civil War
  • William Sherman
  • Reconstruction
  • Rutherford B. Hayes
  • Mary McLeod Bethune
  • James F. Byrnes
  • Great Depression
  • Wade Hampton III