Round # 8 TossupsGSAC XVI1. / One of this man's poems is set in an area in which a murdered baby had been found, Charlie had broken his neck, and Mungo's mother had hanged herself. The title character of that poem disturbs a coven of witches by calling out to one. In addition to Tam o' Shanter, he is known for comparing his love to a red, red rose. Another of his poems is sees the title animal in a lady's bonnet and laments man's inability to see himself as others see him, To a Louse. His To a Mouse laments the defeat of the best-laid schemes of mice and men. FTP name this Scottish author of Auld Lang Syne.
A: Robert Burns
2. / This group's mythology includes Volos, a cattle-god and lord of the underworld, as well as Svarog, a fire-god. Their traditions include the duchu, or spirit, which after death could return as a house-spirit or domovoi to lurk behind a stove and protect the house. The southern branches of this ethnic group converted so early to Christianity that little is known about them, however, they worshipped the Thunderer, Perun, as their chief god. Their mythology contains various female demons such as rusalken and vila, as well as Baba Yaga, a hag who kidnaps children. FTP, name this ethnic group from the Balkans and Russia.
A: Slavs AcceptSlavic Prompt on Russian or Balkan before mentioned
3. / This territory contains the Barkly Tableland, as well as the Arnhem Land, in its northern sections. South of its Tanami Desert are the Macdonnell Ranges, which include its highest peak, Mt. Ziel. Its southeastern corner is home to the Simpson Desert. North of this region is the Van Diemen Gulf, while Groote Island is located in the Bay of Carpentaria. Alice Springs is the largest town in its southern section, while its territorial capital is Darwin. FTP, name this division of Australia, which contains Ayers Rock.
A: Northern Territory
4. / At one stage in this process, a condensation of chromatin called pyknosis occurs. Syndactyly is caused by the failure of cells between digits to undergo this process. Pyknosis is followed by karyorrhexis, the fragmentation of the nucleus. After this, protrusions called blebs form on the cell membrane. During viral infection, protein kinase R induces this to stop the spread of the virus. In its final stage, the entire cell breaks into vesicles which are phagocytosed. FTP, name this process found in multi-cellular organisms by which a cell effectively commits suicide.
5. / This work retells and twists the story on which it is based four different ways, with each ending with a different discussion of weaning. This work ponders the existence of an absolute duty to God or of a teleological suspension of ethics, as the action of the story from which it draws inspiration is religious but not necessarily ethical. Thus the author discusses the paradox of faith. Written under the pseudonym Johannes de Silentio, this work takes its title from Philippians 2:12. FTP name this work by Soren Kierkegaard which discusses the story of Abraham's sacrifice of Isaac.
A: Fear and Trembling AcceptFrygtogBæven
6. / Its chief dynasty until 1301 was named after Árpád, who led its people there to settle around 896. Saint Stephen I was the first king of this nation, and was only the second of its rulers to convert to Christianity. Its king Andrew II issued the Golden Bull, protecting the rights of the nobility. Another ruler, Matthias Corvinus, battled the Ottomans, who later won the 1526 battle of Mohács for control over it. This country was divided between the Ottomans and Austria, though the Principality of Transylvania remained semi-independent until 1711. FTP,name this home of the Magyars and counterpart of Austria from 1867 to 1918.
A: Kingdom of Hungary
7. / This man's works include a poem prescribing horrific punishments for one of his enemies, Ibis, as well as the Tristia and the Heroides, which includes letters to missing lovers from such women as Penelope and Ariadne. He catalogued the Roman religious festivals from January to June in the Fasti, but it was likely the ArsAmatoria that was the carmen which got him exiled to Tomis on the Black Sea, along with an error. However, his most famous work involves the transformations of various mythological characters, often due to love. FTP, name this Roman poet under Augustus, the writer of the Metamorphoses.
8. / One way of stating this number geometrically is the cosine of the angle formed between the vectors of both samples involved. One of the most common mistakes involving it is using it to imply causality. The most common method of obtaining it is dividing the covariance of the two variables by the product of their standard deviations. When it is squared, it represents the percentage of variation in y explained by the regression in x. FTP, name this statistical parameter which measures the strength of a linear relationship between two variables.
A: Correlation Coefficient Accept r Prompt on Correlation
9. / He starred in the movie version ofJhumpa Lahari’s The Namesake, but is more known for comic roles. He played the assistant Taj in National Lampoon’s Van Wilder, and starred by himself in the sequel to that movie. One of his newest movies, a sequel to one about a titular fast food restaurant, has this man and costar John Cho attempting to flee incarceration in the titular establishment. Cho also appeared for one episode in season one of the show which now stars this man as Dr. Kutner. FTP, name this Indian-American actor who stars in the television show House and the Harold and Kumar movies.
10. / This event was partially triggered by the results of a proposition repealing the Rumford Fair Housing Act , and was not well analyzed by the McCone Report, allowing theories of communist involvement to arise. It was sparked when Lee Minikus pulled over Marquette Frye on suspicion of drunk driving. Tension between the police who arrived to impound the vehicle and the crowd that gathered turned to violence. A 45 square mile curfew zone was established and 14,000 National Guard troops were sent in before the end of this event, which saw looting and burning of cars. FTP, name this incident occurring in August 1965 in a namesake neighborhood near Los Angeles.
A: Watts Riots
11. / This author’s previous collection is named for a story in which a man finds a mirror before being figuratively attacked by his Hokusai painting after the largest earthquake ever recorded, Loot. Her most recent novel follows an ecologist with a thyroid condition, Get a Life. A more famous work written twenty-five years earlier contains Maureen Smales, who follows the titular servant out of Johannesburg. FTP, name this founding member of the Congress of South African writers and 1991 Nobel Laureate, the author of The Conservationist and July’s People.
A: Nadine Gordimer
12. / One movement of this work depicts children playing in a garden, and another contrasts a rich Jew and a poor Jew. Most movements are connected by a theme in a bizarre 11/4 time signature. Based on drawings by Viktor Hartmann, the final two movements depict a hut on hen’s legs and a design for a massive gate. The orchestration by Maurice Ravel is the most recorded version. FTP, name this ten-piece suite for solo piano by Modest Mussorgsky.
A: Pictures at an Exhibition
13. / Its northeastern corner contains the air-conditioned McDonald’s Cycle Center, and one notable monument consists of two glass towers which use high-tech LED screens to depict city residents which intermittently spit on visitors, Crown Fountain. In the northwest, a large peristyleis featured in Wrigley Square. Another feature is a massive sculpture made of polished stainless steel, Cloud Gate, which is nicknamed “The Bean.” It is best known for its outdoor performing arts center designed by Frank Gehry, the Jay Pritzker Pavilion. FTP, name this park located in the Loop of downtown Chicago.
A: Millennium Park
14. / This man called a group attempting to remove him from office the "Constipational League", rather than the Constitutional League, and when another group tried to impeach him, the newspapers switched captions on two pictures of rallies to make it seem that Standard Oil had more support than he did. His taxes on business and the planter class funded his free textbook program and road-building projects, but caused several attempts on this man's life, culminating in his 1935 assassination. FTP, name this rival of Franklin Roosevelt, a Louisiana politician with the "Share Our Wealth" program and a nickname of "Kingfish".
A: Huey Pierce Long
15. / This painting contains a prostrate man with stigmata on his hands, as well as a dove with a broken wing perched near a large animal, who is peering at his smoky tail. Fire will consume a woman peering at the only view of the outside, a small, square window in the upper right. A flower grows from a broken sword in the foreground, which appears to be next to the nose of an animal’s head superimposed on another animal, whose nose forms a human skull. Another woman holds a candle, and a lightbulb burns the eyes of a trapped horse. FTP, name this huge Pablo Picasso mural in which a bull represents Spain, about the titular Basque town.
16. / This man’s lesser works include one published in 1917 discussing the role patriotism and business had in preventing lasting peace, and another which critiqued the presence of business in universities, his The Higher Learning in America. Well known for ridiculing other views, he also attempted to link his economic views with cultural and social questions, often relating to primitive societies. Named the “Bard of Savagery,” he is best known for a theory that rich people buy excessively to show their social status. FTP, name this Norwegian-American economist who coined the term “conspicuous consumption” in his The Theory of the Leisure Class.
17. / In one scene, this man asks another character to read him the story of the raising of Lazarus, and he calls his sister’s proposed marriage a disgrace because she has sold herself to secure him a job partnership with her fiancé. In the beginning of the novel in which he appears, he listens to a drunkard discuss his family, unaware that he would later carry this man home after being run over by a carriage. Just before the carriage accident, he visits an apartment under renovation to ask what happened to the blood. FTP, name this poor student, the killer of AlyonaIvanovna in Dostoyevsky's Crime and Punishment.
A: Rodion “Rodya” RomanovitchRaskolnikov Accept partial name
18. / This empire was overrun by the Hephthalites, or White Huns, around 490, and several provinces were taken. Previously, one ruler had established a trading capital at Ujjain, after destroying the Vanga and subjugating the tribes of the Oxus river valley. That ruler's court included the Nine Jewels, including Kalidasa. This empire initially controlled only lands around Magadha, but it eventually controlled most of India after the reigns of Samudra and a namesake emperor. FTP, name this post-Mauryan Indian empire.
A: Gupta Empire
19. / One invention of this man was an early mechanical calculator capable of performing all four arithmetical operations, the Staffelwalze. In contrast to most contemporary theories, he posited that space, time, and motion are relative. Early on in his career, he invented the binary number system, and his greatest contribution to metaphysics was his theory of monads. However, he is best known for an enduring dispute with Isaac Newton. FTP, name this German polymath, who invented calculus.
A: Gottfried Leibniz
20. / Prior to this conflict, one belligerent had obtained several submarines from the United States, while the other had been seeking to expand its rail interests in the region. In the battle of Nanshan, one side continued a drive towards the point of a peninsula which had begun with a surprise crossing of the Yalu River. One commander of this war was Kuropatkin, the loser of its final land battle of Mukden. However, this war's decisive battle took place in the Tsushima Straits, where one nation's Baltic fleet was demolished. In the resulting negotiations, the loser returned Manchuria to China. FTP, name this conflict ended with the help of Theodore Roosevelt in negotiating the Treaty of Portsmouth.
A: Russo-Japanese War
You have reached the end of the round. Do not continue reading unless a question was thrown out or the game is tied.
21. / This man moved to the United States because his father got a job at the University of Michigan. After studying abroad, he returned to teach at the Cranbrook Academy of Art and collaborated with graduate Charles Eames on an exhibit titled Organic Design in Home Furnishings. He went on to design chairs for Knoll Associates, and the majority of his projects are sculpture-like. His buildings include a hockey rink at Yale and the GM Technical Center. He also designed the John Deere headquarters and Dulles International Airport. FTP name this Finnish architect of the TWA Terminal at JFK and the Gateway Arch.
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