Index Cards 18-31
Poetry Terms - Green
18.Front – tone
Back-This is the attitude the author takes towards his or her subject. An author could take a respectful tone, a serious tone, a joking tone, or a sarcastic tone, for example.
19.Front - alliteration
Back – This is repeating consonant sounds.
Example: The dark and dreamy day delivered darkness around the bay.
20. Front – imagery
Back – Words that create a vivid mental picture and appeal to our senses
Example: Our parched throats longed for a frosted glass of lemonade.
Back – Repetition is a sound, word, or phrase repeated.
Example: “The Highwayman came riding, riding, riding,…”
A refrain is when a line or group of lines is repeated.
Example: The chorus of a song or a repeated stanza in a poem is a refrain.
22. Front - simile/metaphor
Back – Both are comparisons between two unlike things.
A simile uses like or as.
Simile: You are like the moon and the stars to me.
Metaphor: You are the moon and the stars to me.
23. Front – stanza
Back – This is a group of lines in a poem.
Example: “The Highwayman” had many stanzas.
“Hector the Collector” has only one stanza with 28 lines.
24.Front – free verse
Back – This is a poem that does not have a regular pattern of rhythm, rhyme, or structure.
Example: “Birdfoot’s Grandpa” is an example of a poem with free verse.
25. Front – personification
Back– This is giving human qualities to non-human things.
Example: The sun’s heat gripped our school.
26.Front – onomatopoeia
Back – This is a word that imitates its sound.
Example: slap, fizz, rumble, yelp
27. Front - rhyme
Rhyme is repeating vowel sounds at the ends of words.
Example: nurse & purse
28. Front - rhythm
Back – This is the musical quality produced by accented and unaccented sounds.
Along came the doctor
Along came the nurse
Along came the lady
With a piggy in her purse
29. Front - rhyme scheme
Back - This is the specific way we label the pattern of rhymes in a poem. (The rhyme scheme of the poem below is AABBA.)
There once was a lady named Lynn
Who was so exceedingly thin
That when she stayed
To drink lemonade
She slid down the straw and fell in
30.Front - haiku
Back– A Japanese poem with 3 lines using a light and delicate topic, usually about nature. The lines have 5, 7, & 5 syllables.
Tiny seed is dropped
Tender shoots burst from within
Green arms reach skyward
31. Front– hyperbole
Back – This is an exaggerated statement used especially as a figure of speech to heighten effect.
I will love you until all the seas go dry.