Number of Districts in Pakistan : 103 (Including Islamabad District)

Number of Districts in Pakistan : 103 (Including Islamabad District)


Number of divisions in Pakistan : 27

Number of districts in Pakistan : 103 (including Islamabad District)

The Largest divisions in Pakistan : Kalat Division (Balochistan)

The smallest divisions in Pakistan : Karachi Division (Sindh)

The largest district in Pakistan : Khuzdar District in Kalat Division (Balochistan)

The most populous district in Pakistan : Lahore and Okara Districts (Punjab)

The least populous district in Pakistan : Chagi District in Quetta Division (2 person per sq.



Islamabad is the Federal Capital of Pakistan. It is situated about 16 kilometers from Rawalpindi. It has an area of 906 square kilometers (0.1 percent to total area of Pakistan). It is the most modern city of Pakistan. There is one radio station in Islamabad which is the largest radio station of pakistan (1000 kilowatts). There are three Universities in Islamabad,

1. Allama Iqbal Open University,

2.Quaid-I-AzamUniversity, Islamabad

3. Internnational Islamic University, Islamabad.




2ND lieutenant










Field Marshal

Air Force

Pilot Officer

Flying Officer

Flight Lieutenant

Squadron leader

Wing Commonder

Group Captain

Air Commonder

Air-Vice Marshal

Air Marshal

Air Chief Marshal

Marshal of Air Force


Midshipman Officer







Rear Admiral

Vice Admiral


Admiral of Fleet



2ND lieutenant











One Star

Two Star

Three Star


Hilal and one star

Hilal and two star

Hilal and three star

Cross swords and a star

Cross swords and a hilal

Cross swords and a bar and a hilal


1. Captain Muhammad Sarwar

2. Major Tufail Muhammad

3. Major Raja Aziz Bhatti

4. Pilot Officer Rashid Minhas

5. Major Muhammad Akram

6. Major Shabbir Sharif

7. Sawar Muhammad Husain

8. Lance Nike Muhammad Mahfooz


The biggest province in population / : Punjab
The largest province in area / : Balochistan
The highest civil award / : Nishan-e-Pakistan
The highest military award / : Nishan-e-Haider
The biggest dam / : Tarbela Dam
The biggest power station / : Tarbela power station
The biggest industrial city / : Karachi
The most populated city / : Karachi
The hottest place / : Jacobabad
The coldest place / : Zearat
The most modern city / : Islamabad
The biggest radio station / : Islamabad
The biggest university / : The University of Punjab, Lahore
The tallest building / : HabibBandPlaza, Karachi
The highest peak / : K-2
The biggest port / : Karachi
The most beautiful lake / : Saif-ul-Maluk
The largest lake / : MancharLake
The largest park / : AuubNational Park, Rawalpindi
The longest paltfrom / : Rohri Platform
The longest railway line / : Karachi to Peshawar
The longest river / : the IndusRiver
The shortest river / : RaviRiver
The longest barrage / : Sukkur Barrage
The biggest mosque is / : Faisal Mosque, Islamabad
The biggest salt mine / : Khewra
The biggest store of natural gas / : Sui, Balochistan
The biggest library / : The Punjab Public Library, Lahore
The longest tunnel / : Lawari Tunnel
The longest railway tunnel / : Khojak Tunnel, Balochistan
The biggest railway station / : Lahore
The largest seaport / : Karachi
The rainiest place / : Murre
The largest desert / : Thar, Sind
The highest minarat / : The Pakistan Minaret, Lahore
The biggest museum / : PakistanNationalMuseum, Karachi
The longest pass / : The Bolan Pass, Balochistan
The largest shipping company / : The Pakistan National Shipping Corporation
The largest radio station / : Islamabad Radio Station, 1000 kilowatts
The highest radio station / : Gilgit Radio Station
The tallest man / : Alam Chana
The largest hockey stadium / : The National Hockey Stadium, Lahore with a capacity of over 50,000 persons (It is also the largest hockey stadium in the World)


(Important Informations)



The President of Muslin League

The first secretary of Muslim League Quaid-I-Azam

Joined Muslim League

: December 30, 1906

: Sir Agha Khan.

: Syed Hasan Ali Bilgrami

: 1911

The Objects of Muslim League

1. To safeguard the political right of the Muslims of the Sub-Continent and to present their demands before the Government.

2. To promote mutual understanding between the Muslims and other nations.


Bengal was divided in 1905 into two provinces, East Bengal and West Bengal. The Capital of East Bengal was dacca and the capital of West Bengal was Calcutta.

The Muslims got most benefitted of the division of Bengal.

Hindus’ Recation on the Division of Bengal

The Hindus, having found the Muslims in benefit of the division started movement for the cancellation of the division of Bengal.

Cancellation of the Division of Bengal

The division of Bengal was cancelled on December 1911.


Introduction :-

In 1914 the understanding arived at between the congress and the Muslim League called Lucknow Pact. After the pact, Quaid-I-Azam was awarded the title of “The Ambassador of Hindu-Muslims Unity”

Important Point of the Pact

1. The Muslims shall have right of separate electorate.

2. The Muslims Shall jhave one third representation in the Central Assembly.

3. A bill shall not be passed if ¾ of the representatives of a nation declare it to be against their religion.

4. Muslim League will demand for a sovreign government in India in co-operation with the Congress.


Start of Khilafat Movement

The object of Khilafat Movement

First Khilafat Conference

Notable personalities of Khilafat Movement

: 1919

: Restoration of Khilafat in Turkey

: 1919 at Delhi.

: (1) Maulana Muhamad Ali Johar (2) Maulana Shuakat Ali.

The causes of Failure of Khilafat Movement:-

1. The non co-operation of All India Congress.

2. The non co-operation of Mustafa Kamal Ataturk and his negative response to the Movement.

Quaid-I-Azam Muhamad Ali Jinnah’s

Fourteen Pient

Quaid-I-Azam formulated fourteen points in 1929

1. The form of future constitution should be federal, with the residuary power vested in the provinces.

2. A uniform measure of autonomy shall be granted to all provinces.

3. All legislatures in the country and other elected bodies shall be consitituted on the definite principle of adequate and effective representation of minorities in every province without reducing the majority in any province to a minority or even equality.

4. In the central legislature Muslim representation shall not be less than one-third.

5. Representation of communal groups shall continue to be by separate electorates provided that it shall be open to any community, at any time, to abandon its separate electorate in favour of joint electorate.

6. Any territorial redistrebution that might at any time be necessary, shall not in any way effect the Muslim majority in the Punjab, Bengal and the North-West Froniter Province.

7. Full religious liberty, that is, liberty of belief, worship, and observance, propaganda, association and education, shall be guaranteed to all communities.

8. No bill or resolution or any part thereof shall be passed in any legislature or any other elected body if three fourth of the members of any community in thay particular body oppose it as being injurious to the interests of that community or in the alternative, such order method is devised as may be found feasible and parcticable to deal with such cases.;

9. Sind should be separated from the Bombay presidency.

10. Reforms should be introduced in the North-West Frontier province and Baluchistan on the same footing as in othe provinces.

11. Provisions shall be made in the constitution giving Muslim an adequate share along with the other Indians in all the services of the state and in locat self-governing bodies having due regard to the requirements of efficiency.

12. The constitution should embody adequate safeguards for the protection of Muslim culture and for the protection and promotion of Muslim education, language, religion, personal laws and Muslim charitable institutions and for their due share in the grants in aid given by the state and by silf-governing bodies.

13. No cabinent either central or provincial should be formed without there being at least one-third of the Muslim Ministers.

14. No change should be made in the constitution by the central legislature excpt with the concurrence of the state constituting the Indian Federation.


Ferst Round Table Conference

Muslims led by

Congress reopresented by

Second Round Table conference

Muslims led by

Congress led by

Third Round Table Conferecne

: 1930 at London

: Agha Khan III

: Congress did not participate.

: 1931

: Sir Agha Khan.

: Gandhi

: 1932

Maulana Muhammad Ali Johar died during the first session of the confrence. He was burried in Jerusalem (Bait-ul-Mupaddas).

Quaid-I-Azam attended all the three conferences.

Allama Iqbal attended the second conference.

Allahabad Address 1930

In his histroic presidential address of 1930 at Allahabad. Allama Iqbal said. “I would lide to see the Punjab, N.W.F.P, Sind and Balochistan amalgamated into a single state.”The formation of a consolidated North-West Indian Muslim state appears to me to be the final destiny of the Muslims of the Sub-Continent.

The Pakistan Resolution 1940

The resolution was passed on

The resolution was drafted by

The resolution was moved by

The resolution was seconded by

The second name of the resolution

: March 23, 1940 at Lahore

: Sir Sikandar Jauat

: Mian Fazel Haq

: Ch. Khaliquzzaman

: The Lahore resolution

Characteristics of the Resolution

1. Allah, the Almighty is the sovereign of all powers in the Universe. The people of Pakistan will utilize the power in the prescribed limits of Allah considering it a trust to them.

2. The principles of freedom, social justice, democracy and quality shall be followed.

3. The fundamental rights of the public shall be safeguarded.

Cripps Mission 1942

The British government sent in 1942 a prominent member of the war Cabinet, Sir Stafford Cripps, to India with a dart declaration for discussion with Indian leaders. It promised a constituent assembly, consisting of elected representatives from the provinces and nominated representatives from the Indian status's immediately upon the cessation of hostilities. It also gave undertaking by the British government to accept the constitution framed by the constituent Assembly.

Reaction of the Congress and the Muslim League

Bthe congress rejected it regarding it as “a possible base for the creation of Pakistan”. The Muslim League also rejected it, because it did not conced Pakistan unequivocally.

The 3 June, 1947 Plan

According to the plan of the 3 June, 1947, it was decided that Indo-Pak sub-continent would be divided into two parts which would have the colonial status in the beginning. The Punjab and Bengal will be divided into two, and for this purpose two boundary commissions will be set up. Referendum will be held in N.W.F.P

Birth of pakistan

The object of Pakistan

AGUST 14 , 1947 A.D Ramdan 27,1366 A.H

The existence of Islamic state

The Eminet Presonalites of the pakistan Movement

Sir Syed Ahmad Khan , Mauly Sami Ullah kahn ,Nawab Mohsin-ul-Mulk, Nawab Waqar-ul-Mulk Nawab Salim Ullah khan of dacca ,Sir Agha khan,Maulana Hakim Ajmal Khan, Zafar Ali Khan, Mualana Shaukat Ali, Maulana Hasrat Mohani, Raja Sahab of Mahmoodabad, Ch. Khaliquzzzaman, Kh. Nazimud-din, Maulvi Fazal Haq, Husain Shaheed Sohorverdi, Raja Ghazanfar Ali Khan, Sardar Abdur Rabb Nishtar, Nawab Muhammad Uthman Khan Jogezzai, Qazi Isa, Nawab Ismail Khan, Maulvi Tamizzud-din Khan, Noor ul Aamin etc.

Ideology of Pakistan


Ideology of Pakistan is in fact second name of the Islamic Ideology. Pakistan Movement was started for the achievement of an Ideological state. During the struggle for Pakistan the slogan of monotheism) was raised which meant achievement of a homeland for the Muslims of the sub-continennt where they could lead their political, social, economic, religious and cultural life according to Islam.


¨ The two nation theory was first presented by Sir Syed Ahmad Khan.

¨ The name ‘Pakistan’ was suggested by Ch. Rehmat Ali.

¨ The birth of Pakistan was announced by Mustafa Ali Hamadani from Radio Station Lahore.

¨ Iran is the country to recognise Pakistan first.

¨ Pakistan established its embassy first in Iran.

¨ Quaid-I-Azam Muhammad Ali Jinnah was the first Governor-General of Pakistan.

¨ Liaqat Ali Khan was the first Primce Minister of Pakistan.

¨ Liaqat Ali Khan was also the first Minister for Defence of Pakistan.

¨ Sikandar Mirza was the first President of Pakistan.

¨ Sardar Abddul Rabb Nishtar was the first Minister for Communications of Pakistan.

¨ Mian Abdul Rasheed was the first chief Justice of Pakistan.

¨ Mrs. Rana Siaqat Ali Dhan was the ferst Lady Vice-Chancellor of Pakistan.

¨ Shukriya Khanum is the first Lady Pilot of Pakistan.

¨ Bahawalpur is the first state to acceede to Pakistan.

¨ “Al-Abbas” is the first ship manufactured in Pakistan.

¨ “Baghbaan” is the first tractor manufactured in Pakistan.

¨ Pakistan become member of the United Nations on September 30, 1947.

¨ The first coin of Pakistan was essued on Januaary 3, 1948.

¨ The postal stamp of Pakistan was issued in January 1948.

¨ The decimal coins startedin Pakistan in 1960.

¨ There are at present five T.V. stations in Pakistan i.e. Lahore, Karachi, Islamaabad (Rawalpindi), Quetta and Peshaawar.

¨ The colour transmisssion from Pakistan started on December 20, 1970.

¨ Profeessor Syed Ahmad Shah Bokhari Patras is the ffirst Pakistani personality who was awarded the title of ‘best speader’ on behalf of the United Nations.

¨ Syed Abdul Qayum is the first Pakistani personality for whose entry into the British police the British constitution had to amended.

¨ The site plan of world’s highest building ‘Sears Toweeeer’ was drawn by a Pakistani engineer”fazal Khan.”

¨ Minar-e-Pakistan design was prepared by Murad Khan.

¨ Train between Lahore and Khanewal runs by electric current.


December 25, / 1876 / Born at Karachi.
1882. / Primary education.
1892. / Seft for England.
1893. / Joined Linccoln’s Inn.
1895. / Became Bar-at-Law
1896. / Returned to Karachi from London.
1897. / Enrolled as Advocate in Bombay High Court.
1900. / Appointed Presidency Magistrate, Bombay.
1905. / Joined Congress.
1906. / Appointed personal secrectry to Dada bhoy Nooroji.
1909. / Elected to the Supreme Imperial council unopposed.
1910. / Elected to the Legislative assembly, Bombay.
1911. / Piloted Waqf Alal Aulad Bill in the Assembly the only Private member’s Bill.
19123. / Attended Muslim League Concil annual meeting held at Calcutta.
1913. / Joined Muslim League.
1914. / Left for England as a member of congress delegation.
1915. / Initiaated the move for setting up of a League-Congress joint committee for Hindu-Muslim unity.
October / 1916. / Presided over the sixteenth Bombay Provincial conference.
December / 1916. / Presided over the Muslim League historical session at Luccknow.
1917. / Becane President, Home Rule League, Bombay.
1918. / Married Rattenbai at Calcutta.
1918. / Leaded the demonstration against Lord Willingdon.
1919. / Resigned from the imperial Legislative council as a protest against Rowlatt Act.
1920. / Resigned from the congress on differences with Gandhi.
1922. / Participated in All parties conference in Bombay as one of the three secretaries.
March. / 1929. / Muslim League rejects Nehru Report at its Delhi session.
1929. / Jinnah’s Fourteen pointed announced.
1937. / Attended Round Table conference in London as a reporesentative of the Muslim.
1937. / Presided over the annual session of all India Muslim Students federation at Calcutta.
1938. / Presided over Muslim League session at Karachi
1st November / 1939. / Met the viceroy at his invitation .
March 23 / 1940. / Historic Lahore Resolution Passed.
1942. / Crips Mission came to India. Met Quaid-I-Azam and agreed with demand for Pakistan.
March 18, / 1944. / Inaugurated the Muslim students conference at Lahore.
Semptember 9, / 1944. / Jinnah- Gandhi talks.
Jun 28, / 1945. / Participated in Simla confrence.
October, / 1945. / Visited Baluchistan.
July 29, / 1946. / Rejected the Ministerial Mission and announced direct action.
August 16, / 1946. / Direct Action Day.
Decemmber 2, / 1946. / Reached London on nvitation from secretary of state.
March, / 1947. / Talks with the viceroy Mountbeaten.
April, / 1947. / Congress demanded for division of Bengal and Punjab.
June 3, / 1947. / Plan eenvisaging partition of India and establishment of Pakistan announced. Jinnah’s historicc broadcast accepting the plan.
June 19, / 1947. / Karachi decided to be capital of Pakistan.
July, / 1947. / Indian independence Act passed by Britishb Parliament.
August 11, / 1947. / Elected president of Pakistan constituent Assembly Presidential address in the consituent Assembly.
August 14, / 1947. / Pakistan cojmes into being.
August 18, / 1947. / Sent Eid Message to the nation as the Governor general.
October 24, / 1947. / Sent Eid-ul-Zaha Message to the nation.
October 30, / 1947. / Addresed the nation in the open ground of the Punjab university. pAtience advised to the refugees.
January 132, / 1948. / Inaugurated the Naval Organisation “P.N.S. Dilawar” at Karachi.
July 1, / 1948. / Nauguarated state Bank of Pakistan.
August 14, / 1948. / First independence day; last message to the nation.
September 11, / 1948. / Returned to Karachi from Zirat by Air at 9.00 P.M. Breathed his last at 10.45 P.M.



1. Quaid-I-Azam Muhammd Ali Jinah


August 15, 1947 to September 11, 1948

2. Khawaja Nazimuddin

3. Malik Ghulam Muhammad

4. Maj-General Sikander Mirza

September 14, 1948 to October 17, 1951

October 19, 1951 to October 5, 1955

October 6, 1955 to March 22, 1956


Name / Peirod
Maj-General Sikander Mirza / March 23, 1957 to October 27, 1958
Field Marshal Muhammad Ayub Khan / October 27, 1958 to March 25, 1969
General Agha Muhammad Yahya Khan / March 25, 1969 to December 20, 1971
Zulfiqar Ali Bhutto / December 20, 1971 to August 13, 1973
Chaudhry Fazal elahi / August 14, 1973 to September 16, 1978
General Muhammad Zia-ul-Haq / September 16, 1978 to August 17, 1988
Ghulam Ishaq Khan / August 17, 1988 to July 18, 1993
Wasim Sajjad (acting) / July 18, 1993 to November 13, 1993
Sardar Farooq Ahmad Leghari / November 14, 1993 to .
Rafiq Tarer
Pervaiz Mushraf