**YEAR 9SKILLS AND OBJECTIVES**

Students are extending their abilities and competencies in all areas and being prepared for the any of the IGCSE syllabuses that they may enter in the following year. This includes ESL, EFL and Literature

They will study literary texts in the original and be able to respond with a formal written analysis of these texts. This will include poetry, novels and plays. They will learn about different styles and genres of writing, figurative language, literary conventions etc. They will learn how to write creatively in different styles and for different purposes, including humour, emotion, persuasion and how to change one form of writing to another.

They will deal with non-fiction texts with language analysis, purpose of the text, the ability to summarise the text, as well as comprehension of the text. They will learn how to write non-fiction and to read it critically and analytically.

They will be expected to write clearly in essay form in developing an argument, conveying information, expressing feelings and responding to stimulus material

They will be expected to write without spelling mistakes in essays of approximately 300 words on any given topic, to punctuate these writings correctly and to use correct vocabulary to convey their ideas and attitudes.

Orally they will be asked to debate, discuss, speak on a prepared topic, or an unprepared topic, in front of the class or the school and read both prepared and unprepared texts aloud to an audience.

Aurally they will work with internet, tapes and live speakers to listen and answer questions.

Maths

N Number

**Ni Integers, powers and roots**

• 8Ni1 Add, subtract, multiply and divide integers.

• 8Ni2 Identify and use multiples, factors, common factors, highest common factors, lowest common multiples and primes; write a number in terms of its prime factors, e.g. 500 = 22 × 53. • 8Ni3 Calculate squares, positive and negative square roots, cubes and cube roots; use the notation and and index notation for positive integer powers.

**Np Place value, ordering and rounding**

• 8Np1 Read and write positive integer powers of 10; multiply and divide integers and decimals by 0.1, 0.01.

• 8Np2 Order decimals, including measurements, making use of the =, ≠, > and < signs.

• 8Np3 Round whole numbers to a positive integer power of 10, e.g. 10, 100, 1000 or decimals to the nearest whole number or one or two decimal places.

**Nf Fractions, decimals, percentages, ratio and proportion**

• 8Nf1 Find equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages by converting between them.

• 8Nf2 Convert a fraction to a decimal using division; know that a recurring decimal is a fraction.

• 8Nf3 Order fractions by writing with common denominators or dividing and converting to decimals.

• 8Nf4 Add and subtract fractions and mixed numbers; calculate fractions of quantities (fraction answers); multiply and divide an integer by a fraction.

• 8Nf5 Calculate and solve problems involving percentages of quantities and percentage increases or decreases; express one given number as a fraction or percentage of another.

• 8Nf6 Use equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages to compare different quantities.

• 8Nf7 Simplify ratios, including those expressed in different units; divide a quantity into more than two parts in a given ratio.

• 8Nf8 Use the unitary method to solve simple problems involving ratio and direct proportion.

**Nc Calculation Mental strategies**

• 8Nc1 Use known facts to derive new facts, e.g. given 20 × 38 = 760, work out 21 × 38.

• 8Nc2 Recall squares to 20 × 20, cubes to 5 × 5 × 5, and corresponding roots.

• 8Nc3 Recall simple equivalent fractions, decimals and percentages.

• 8Nc4 Use known facts and place value to multiply and divide simple fractions.

• 8Nc5 Use known facts and place value to multiply and divide simple decimals, e.g. 0.07 × 9, 2.4 ÷ 3.

• 8Nc6 Use known facts and place value to calculate simple fractions and percentages of quantities.

• 8Nc7 Recall relationships between units of measurement.

• 8Nc8 Solve simple word problems including direct proportion problems.

• 8Nc9 Use the laws of arithmetic and inverse operations to simplify calculations with integers and fractions.

• 8Nc10 Use the order of operations, including brackets, with more complex calculations. Addition and subtraction

• 8Nc11 Consolidate adding and subtracting integers and decimals, including numbers with differing numbers of decimal places. Multiplication and division

• 8Nc12 Divide integers and decimals by a single-digit number, continuing the division to a specified number of decimal places, e.g. 68 ÷ 7.

• 8Nc13 Multiply and divide integers and decimals by decimals such as 0.6 or 0.06, understanding where to place the decimal point by considering equivalent calculations, e.g. 4.37 × 0.3 = (4.37 × 3) ÷ 10, 92.4 ÷ 0.06 = (92.4 × 100) ÷ 6.

A Algebra

**Ae Expressions, equations and formulae**

• 8Ae1 Know that letters play different roles in equations, formulae and functions; know the meanings of formula and function.

• 8Ae2 Know that algebraic operations, including brackets, follow the same order as arithmetic operations; use index notation for small positive integer powers.

• 8Ae3 Construct linear expressions.

• 8Ae4 Simplify or transform linear expressions with integer coefficients; collect like terms; multiply a single term over a bracket.

• 8Ae5 Derive and use simple formulae, e.g. to convert degrees Celsius (°C) to degrees Fahrenheit (°F).

• 8Ae6 Substitute positive and negative integers into formulae, linear expressions and expressions involving small powers, e.g. 3 + 4 or 2, including examples that lead to an equation to solve.

• 8Ae7 Construct and solve linear equations with integer coefficients (unknown on either or both sides, without or with brackets).

**As Sequences, functions and graphs**

• 8As1 Generate terms of a linear sequence using term-to-term and position-to-term rules; find term-to-term and position-to-term rules of sequences, including spatial patterns.

• 8As2 Use a linear expression to describe the nth term of a simple arithmetic sequence, justifying its form by referring to the activity or practical context from which it was generated.

• 8As3 Express simple functions algebraically and represent them in mappings.

• 8As4 Construct tables of values and use all four quadrants to plot the graphs of linear functions, where y is given explicitly in terms of x; recognise that equations of the form

y = mx + c correspond to straight-line graphs.

G Geometry

**Gs Shapes and geometric reasoning**

• 8Gs1 Know that if two 2D shapes are congruent, corresponding sides and angles are equal.

• 8Gs2 Classify quadrilaterals according to their properties, including diagonal properties.

• 8Gs3 Know that the longest side of a right-angled triangle is called the hypotenuse.

• 8Gs4 Identify alternate angles and corresponding angles.

• 8Gs5 Understand a proof that: – the angle sum of a triangle is 180° and that of a quadrilateral is 360° – the exterior angle of a triangle is equal to the sum of the two interior opposite angles

• 8Gs6 Solve geometrical problems using properties of angles, of parallel and intersecting lines, and of triangles and special quadrilaterals, explaining reasoning with diagrams and text.

• 8Gs7 Draw simple nets of solids, e.g. cuboid, regular tetrahedron, square-based pyramid, triangular prism.

• 8Gs8 Identify all the symmetries of 2D shapes.

• 8Gs9 Use a straight edge and compasses to construct: – the midpoint and perpendicular bisector of a line segment – the bisector of an angle

• 8Gs10 Use a ruler and compasses to construct: – circles and arcs – a triangle, given three sides (SSS) – a triangle, given a right angle, hypotenuse and one side (RHS)

**Gp Position and movement**

• 8Gp1 Find the midpoint of the line segment AB, given the coordinates of points A and B.

• 8Gp2 Transform 2D shapes by rotation, reflection and translation, and simple combinations of these transformations.

• 8Gp3 Understand and use the language and notation associated with enlargement; enlarge 2D shapes, given a centre of enlargement and a positive integer scale factor.

• 8Gp4 Interpret and make simple scale drawings

G Measure

**Gl Length, mass and capacity**

• 8Ml1 Choose suitable units of measurement to estimate, measure, calculate and solve problems in a range of contexts, including units of mass, length, area, volume or capacity. 8Gl2 • 8Ml2 Know that distances in the USA, the UK and some other countries are measured in miles, and that one kilometre is about of a mile.

**Gt Time and rates of change**

• 8Mt1 Draw and interpret graphs in real life contexts involving more than one component, e.g. travel graphs with more than one person.

**GaArea, perimeter and volume**

• 8Ma1 Know the definition of a circle and the names of its parts; know and use formulae for the circumference and area of a circle.

• 8Ma2 Derive and use formulae for the area of a triangle, parallelogram and trapezium; calculate areas of compound 2D shapes, and lengths, surface areas and volumes of cuboids.

• 8Ma3 Use simple nets of solids to work out their surface areas.

D Handling data

**Dc Planning and collecting data**

• 8Dc1 Identify and collect data to answer a question; select the method of collection, sample size and degree of accuracy needed for measurements.

• 8Dc2 Know the difference between discrete and continuous data.

• 8Dc3 Construct and use: – frequency tables with given equal class intervals to gather continuous data – two-way tables to record discrete data

**Dp Processing and presenting data**

• 8Dp1 Calculate statistics for sets of discrete and continuous data; recognise when to use the range, mean, median and mode and, for grouped data, the modal class.

• 8Dp2 Draw, and interpret: – frequency diagrams for discrete and continuous data – pie charts – simple line graphs for time series – stem-and-leaf diagrams

**Di Interpreting and discussing results**

• 8Di1 Interpret tables, graphs and diagrams for discrete and continuous data, and draw conclusions, relating statistics and findings to the original question.

• 8Di2 Compare two distributions, using the range and one or more of the mode, median and mean.

• 8Di3 Compare proportions in two pie charts that represent different totals.

Db Probability

• 8Db1 Know that if the probability of an event occurring is p, then the probability of it not occurring is 1 – p.

• 8Db2 Find probabilities based on equally likely outcomes in practical contexts.

• 8Db3 Find and list systematically all possible mutually exclusive outcomes for single events and for two successive events.

• 8Db4 Compare estimated experimental probabilities with theoretical probabilities, recognising that: – when experiments are repeated different outcomes may result – increasing the number of times an experiment is repeated generally leads to better estimates of probability

Islamic studies

The aim of Islamic education is to prepare and qualify the new generation for participation in the cultural development of the people. It also aims to promote Islamic spirit and accordingly build up the mind of youth. Our objectives are:

- To acquaint the students with the Islamic beliefs, the fundamentals of Islam, its basic teachings and the biography of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him).
- To provide a safe, purposeful and supportive environment.
- To provide a balanced and comprehensive curriculum drawing on Islamic knowledge.
- To foster a sense of self-esteem and respect on others.
- To promote moral and academic excellence, whilst developing children’s spiritual needs so that they are better equipped to meet the challenge responsibilities of adult life.
- To enable each child to develop their full academic, social and physical potential.
- To encourage and promote good behavior, courtesy and discipline in children.
- To value cultural diversity.
- To teach respect towards all members of society and impart knowledge about their beliefs and customs.
- To foster a sense of conscientiousness in a child.
- To teach the concept of freedom and free will and distinguish between right and wrong.
- To recognize parents as partners in their children’s education.

Our course is designed to make the process of learning easy and fun for the students. The Junior students learn how to read, recognize and write the Alphabet and simple words and sentences. The senior students learn the basics of the Modern Standard Arabic which is the language of books and newspapers.

All students learn how to read, write and communicate. They learn common words and phrases. They learn things about home and many other topics, such as animals, fruit, colors, shapes, numbers, transports and family. This course is applied through activities, animated characters, games and quizzes in order to make it fun and interesting for our students. With the Arabic grammar which seems to be a bit hard to a majority of the students, they learn it through dialogues and short stories.

In this way, the students find it easy to adapt to any local dialect spoken in any country in the Middle East.

**COMPUTER STUDIES**

**THEORY: Students should be able to understand about**

•LAN and WAN

•Advantages and disadvantages of networking

- Ring – Bus – Star – hierarchical
- To know the function of the modem
- Differentiate between Dial up service and broad band service
- To know the parts which make up a network
- Cables – wireless
- Advantages and disadvantages of wireless networks
- ID – Password – access rights
- The difference between the internet and intranet
- The advantages of using intranet
- To understand the need for handshakes and a gateway
- Advantages and disadvantages of data compression
- Differentiate between high bandwidth and low bandwidth
- To know what is involved in the installation of a network
- Physical security
- Software security
- Loyalty cards
- Data protection principles
- Sensitive personal data
- Credit card and debit card
- ATMs
- Credit card fraud
- Smart cards
- Computer crimes

1)(a) enter the layout of the model

(b) enter and amend text, numerical data, functions and formulae with 100% accuracy

(i)cut, copy, paste, drag and drop, fill

(ii) manually verify data entry

(iii)use mathematical operations, for example: addition, subtraction, multiplication, division, indices

(iv)use absolute and relative references, named cells, named ranges and nested formulae

using functions: sum, average, maximum, minimum, integer, rounding, counting, if, lookup, and using nested functions

2)(a) search to select subsets of data

(b) sort data

(v)(i) perform searches using a single and multiple criteria, with different data types, for example: alphanumeric, numeric, boolean etc. and a variety of operators like: AND, OR, NOT, LIKE, >, =, <=

(vi)(ii) sort data using one or more criteria into ascending or descending order, using different field types, for example: alphanumeric, numeric, date

3)(a) adjust the display features in a spreadsheet

(b) produce a graph or chart from the spreadsheet mode

(vii)adjust row height, column width, cell sizes so that all data, labels, and formulae are fully visible

(viii)use features, for example: bold, underline, italic and colour shading to enhance the spreadsheet

(ix)set titles, use headers and footers, align data and labels appropriately

(x)format numeric data to display the number of decimal places, a variety of currencies, percentages

(xi)set the spreadsheet to display formulae and values, adjust column width and row height, hide rows and columns

(xii) adjust page orientation to portrait or landscape

(xiii)adjust the page layout to use features, for example: fit to page

(xiv) save and print data in a variety of formats, for example: formulae, values, extracts, test data, save as different file formats, export

(xv)select data to produce a graph/chart, for example: using contiguous data, non contiguous data, and specified data ranges

(xvi)select the graph or chart type, enhance the graph or chart by changing the colour scheme or patterns, extract a pie chart segment

(xvii)label the graph or chart with a title, legend, segment labels, segment values, percentages, categories and value axis labels and titles

(xviii)amend the axes for the graph or chart, for example: by adding a secondary axis, adding a title or changing the axis scale maximum and minimum values.

4)create and attach an external style sheet

(xix)use tags to create an external style sheet for common styles like: h1, h2, h3, p, li

(xx)specify the font appearance for each style, including features like: font family, size, colour, alignment, bold and italic

(xxi)attach an external style sheet to a web page

5)a)create web page(s) including features like: menu options, text hyperlink, graphics hyperlink, setting the foreground, background and text colours

b)create links from a web page

c)use tables to organise a web page

(xxii)create links from text and images

(xxiii)create anchors and links to anchors on the same page

(xxiv)create links to other locally stored web pages

(xxv)create external links to a website using the URL

(xxvi)create links to send mail to a specified email address

(xxvii)create links to open in a specified location including: the same window, new window, with a window named as specified

(xxviii)insert tables using a table header, table rows, table data, cell spacing and cell padding

(xxix)set table width in terms of pixels and % values

(xxx)use tables with visible and invisible borders, set the border thickness

(xxxi) use merged cells within rows and within columns

6)insert an image in a web page, place the image relative to text and other objects

(xxxii)insert an image

(xxxiii)use tags to adjust the image size and alignment

(xxxiv)use software to resize an image, adjust the colour depth and amend the file type

(xxxv)maintain the aspect ratio of an image or to distort it where appropriate

(xxxvi)print web sites in browser view, in html format and screen shot evidence

(xxxvii)understand the need for low resolution images for data transfer

GEOGRAPHY

Aims & Objectives

a)They will be interested in the world around them

b)They will understand that many processes, both natural and human, are shaping and changing the Earth.

c)They will know what kind of questions to ask, to find about countries and places and people.

d)They will be able to carry out enquiries, to find answers to questions related to daily life.

e)They will get to know about planet Earth in detail.

f)They will observe how we have spoiled many places on the planet Earth.

g)They will learn about dangers such as floods and earthquakes and means of protecting Earth from them.

h)They will get in depth knowledge about the continents, countries, cities, rivers and mountains, etc