Unit 3 Test Paper

Unit 3 test paper

Student identification number ______

This test paper is your assessment for modules seven, eight and nine. Unit 3 paper should be handed in once you have completed all three of the above modules and not before. Please edit this document, entering your answers after the relevant question and return to the college – preferably by email.

Section one

1)In the skin, which type of cells protects DNA from U.V.

rays and other free radicals?(1)

2)Capillaries are made more permeable by the release of which chemical?(1)

3)Post-injury, when can gentle wound tensioning be introduced?(1)

4)How should the application of red phototherapy be directed, to

encourage the margins of the wound to come together? (1)

5)What is a centrifugal force?(1)

6)Velocity = Displacement


What is A?(1)

7)Why should the camber of the road be avoided?(1)

8)How much weight is carried over the forelimbs of the horse,

standing at ease?(1)

9)Which conformation fault is most likely to cause dishing? (1)

10)Torque stresses are caused by which forces?(1)

11)In forelimb lameness with the affected leg in the support phase,

which direction will the head and neck move?(1)

12) Animals’ suffering from pain in their forelimbs will often have an

unusual posture. This is due to weight shifting to the hindlimbs in

an attempt to relieve pain. This posture often causes pain in what

region of the back?(1)

13)Dogs who suffer digestive problems are often protective over the area

of their bowel. What can this lead to that would be of particular

importance to the physiotherapist?(1)

14)What type of hoof conformation is more prone to hoof abscesses?(1)

15)What is a possible consequence of feeding raw eggs?(1)

16)At approximately what age does a horse loose the lateral incisors?(1)

17)Approx. what percentage of body weight is made up of water?(1)

18)Which condition can horses suffer from, which will cause them to

appear to be vomiting?(1)

19)Which vitamin is thought to be beneficial in wound repair?(1)

20)How many fingers should you be able to fit in the gullet of a saddle?(1)

Section two

1)In your own words, describe the sequence which leads to the

formation of a blood clot.(7)

2)Define a ‘complete muscle rupture’ (7)

3)Why is it necessary to remove inflammatory fluid?(7)

4)What are the beneficial effects of red phototherapy in the

treatment of open wounds?(3)

5)In the rehabilitation of an animal after an injury, what benefits can

pole work have?(3)

6)List three benefits of slow work for an unfit animal(3)

7)Name three characteristics of bilateral hindlimb lameness(3)

8)List the sequence of footfalls in the Gallop with a left lead, including any moments of suspension (5)

9)A poor diet can lead to obesity or emaciation. Give 4 other

potential undesirable effects of a poor diet:(4)

10)Describe the galvayne’s grove(3)

11)Describe the uses of phototherapy in the mouth?(3)

12)List 4 rider problems that can badly affect the fit of the saddle.(4)

13)List 3 behavioural changes associated with a poorly fitting saddle.(3)

14)Which piece of equipment would be your first choice to assist you in the reduction of oedema? Explain why you would choose this piece of equipment. (5)

Section three

Please answer the following questions in 1000 words for each question (maximum 1200, any more will be returned for revision). Please add references and add a reference list and bibliography at the end of the three pieces (this is not included in your word count).

1)Using secondary sources, research and explain proud flesh and its implications for wound healing.

2)Please answer one of the following questions:

Small animals

Discuss the use of therapeutic exercises to encourage weight

bearing and strength in the post operative rehabilitation of patients


  • Neurological disease


  • Orthopaedic disease


Large animals

Research and discuss the use and importance of rehabilitation through schooling and athletic exercise.

3)Research obesity in either the horse, the dog or the cat. Explain the possible consequences on the musculoskeletal system and discuss how you think this will have a bearing on your work as an animal physiotherapist.