U.S. History First Semester Exam Review Sheet

U.S. History First Semester Exam Review Sheet

U.S. History First Semester Exam Review Sheet

Early America

  • Problems with the Articles of Confederation
  • Significance of Northwest Ordinance
  • Purpose of Federalist Papers
  • Purpose of Anti-Federalist Papers
  • Significance of Declaration of Independence
  • Significance of Bill of Rights
  • Significance of Constitution


  • Effects of Reconstruction
  • Purpose of Jim Crow Laws
  • Significance of Plessy v. Ferguson (1896)

Westward Expansion

  • Purpose of Homestead Act
  • Purpose of Dawes Act
  • Role of government in building railroads


  • Impact of industrialization on population patterns
  • Characteristics of new vs. old immigrants
  • Problems caused by rapid growth of cities
  • Examples of changes in 19th century cities
  • Reasons for labor movement and the formation of unions
  • Methods used by labor unions to bring about change
  • Key business leaders of the 1800s and 1900s
  • Reason for the formation of trusts
  • Significance of relationship between big business and government
  • Goals of Populist (Platform)
  • Role of Political machines in city politics


  • Purpose of muckrakers writing
  • Purpose of reforms advocated by Progressives
  • Purpose of the initiative
  • Purpose of Prohibition
  • Significance of women’s suffrage movement prior to 19th amendment
  • Goal of National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
  • Reforms supported by President Teddy Roosevelt
  • Purpose of Federal Reserve System


  • Foreign Policy adopted by U.S. after 1898
  • Yellow Journalism
  • Reasons for expansion overseas
  • Reasons for annexing Hawaii
  • Reasons for building the Panama Canal

World War I (WWI)

  • Explain the position of the U.S. at the start of WWI and the reason for this stance
  • Role of women during WWI
  • Purpose of the 19th amendment
  • Reasons for the Great Migration
  • Propaganda campaigns related to the home front
  • Purpose of the League of Nations
  • Reasons for Congress rejecting U.S. involvement in the League of Nations

Roaring Twenties (1920s)

  • Identify the preferred mode of transportation in the 1920s
  • Significance of Harlem Renaissance
  • The social effects of Prohibition

Great Depression and New Deal

  • Describe the causes of the stock market crash and Great Depression
  • Explain how the Depression affected the American society
  • Summarize how Hoover dealt with the Great Depression
  • Describe and Identify FDR’s New Deal Programs
  • Analyze the effects of FDR’s New Deal

Short Answer

  • Reasons why the Articles of Confederation was replaced with the Constitution in 1787
  • Effects of Industrialization on living and working conditions in U.S.
  • Reasons Immigrants came to the U.S.
  • Reasons why the U.S. departed from isolationism and toward imperialism
  • Reason why U.S. Senate rejected the Treaty of Versailles and U.S. entry into the League of Nations
  • Reasons why the U.S. entered World War I
  • Describe the causes and the effects of the Great Depression