NEW WOVD STANDING RULES:
NEWWOVD SITTING VOLLEYBALLRULES:
SITTING VOLLEYBALL TECHNICAL GUIDE
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September 2009: New text for Rule 4.3:
- A player’s equipment consists of a jersey, shorts and/or long pants, socks (the uniform) and sport shoes. Players may play without shoes. Players are also permitted to wear tight-fitting ‘cycling’ shorts/leggings under shorts or long pants.
- The Players are allowed to wear long pants, or shorts and tight-fitting cycling shorts/leggings, as long as the whole team is wearing the same type/combination of shorts/pants.
- The players are not allowed to sit on thick material or to wear specially made thick shorts or pants.
- The colour and the design for the jerseys, shorts, long pants and tight-fitting cycling shorts must each be uniform for the whole team (except for the Libero). The uniforms must be clean.
- A team’s uniform consists of either a) jersey (shirt) and shorts, or b) jersey and long pants, or c) jersey with tight-fitting ‘cycling’ shorts/leggings under the team shorts.
- Long pants and cycling shorts should be uniform/identical for the whole team in both design and colour. However, to give teams time to comply with this rule, until 1st July 2010 teams will be allowed to wear long pants of different brands which may vary slightly in colour.
- Unless permission is given by the Technical Delegate, for special reasons, the shirts must always be inside the shorts or long pants. Where no Technical Delegate is appointed, the authority lies with the Jury. If there is no Jury the permission is granted by the First Referee.
a)It is NOT permitted to wear team shorts or extra shorts under long pants, but tight fitting ‘cycling’ shorts/leggings are permitted
b)It is NOT permitted to wear thick, or padded, long pants, cycling shorts, or shorts e.g.
The underlying principle is that all teams must wear a uniform kit, that is without variation. This is extremely important for the image of WOVD Volleyball and the future development of the game.
THE ‘JOUST’ RULE REMINDER : STANDING VOLLEYBALL
Before 1st November 2007, Rule 22.214.171.124, relating to simultaneous contacts, stated:
“If simultaneous contacts by two opponents lead to a “CATCH”, it is a “DOUBLE FAULT” and the rally is replayed”.
The Rule has since been replaced by :
“If simultaneous hits by two opponents over the net lead to extended contact with the ball, play continues”
This so-called “joust” rule change means that in Standing Volleyball the ball can be legally “held” between two opponents above the net, and the referee should no longer stop play when this occurs. (Note that the rules relating to “reaching over the net” and “net touch” remain in force.)
REMINDER: THE “JOUST” RULE IN SITTING VOLLEYBALL IS DIFFERENT
“If simultaneous hits by two opponents over the net lead to a “CATCH”, it is a ‘DOUBLE FAULT’ and the rally is replayed. However, a short ‘catch’ is permitted when the extended contact does not stop the continuity of the action.”
In the spirit of the rule, the first referee is instructed by WOVD Referee Commission not to whistle immediately, but to allow himself/herself time to judge whether the action will lead to extended contact which stops the continuity of play. If play does not quickly continue it is a “DOUBLE FAULT” and the rally is replayed.
NOTE: A rally is the sequence of playing actions from the moment of the service hit by the server until the ball is out of play. A rally results in the award of a point. If the action or sequence of actions results in a replay it is considered that no rally has taken place. See Rule 126.96.36.199 regarding Libero/player replacements and Rule 188.8.131.52 - Substitution requests.
NEW WOVD SUBSTITUTION PROCESS: STANDING VOLLEYBALL
Note: the new substitution process, issued to all nations and referees in September 2009, applies to both Standing and Sitting Volleyball.
The process was originally designed by FIVB to :
a) Prevent conflicts with coaches
b) Unify application with regard to delay
c) Prevent delay
d) Speed up the substitution process.
The practice of using substitute chairs in Standing Volleyball was introduced out of necessity at a time when there was a points system for classification and the process of checking was more time-consuming, but did not change when the simpler A/B/C Classification was introduced.
The new ‘Quick Substitution’ process has been shown to work extremely well in Sitting Volleyball, where checking is still required for Minimal Disability players. With the changes which have taken place there is no longer the necessity for substitute chairs in the process for Standing Volleyball. It is the responsibility of the coaches to ensure that they send a legal substitute(s) into the substitution zone at the appropriate time with the correct paddle(s).
The introduction of a player which would result in the breaking of Rule (7.3.1) on classification will be treated as with any other illegal substitution.
In order to aid the scorer, a classification controller will still be used, but the controller will not be responsible for preventing an illegal substitute from entering the court, that responsibility lies with the coach. Substitutions are made immediately both players arrive at the side line and are authorised by the 2nd Referee using the signal crossing of the arms. It is recommended that all coaches, players, scorers and referees familiarise themselves with the detail of the process prior to competition.
The following instructions are based on the FIVB update July 2009
1.The scorer sees a player enter the substitution zone while the ball is out of play and before the whistle for serviceScorer Action/Actions / 2nd Referee Action/Actions / Player Action/Actions / 1st Referee Action/Actions
Presses the buzzer, but only at the moment the player physically steps into the substitution zone, then starts the checking and recording process. No eye contact or raised hand is necessary.
Scorer raises two hands when the substitution record is completed.
Scorer only presses buzzer a second time if there is an illegal substitution.
/ On hearing the buzzer, the second referee moves to a position between the scorer and the post and, while looking at the player who is holding the paddle, controls the exchange with body language and the crossing of arms signal. No eye contact is necessary since the scorer is empowered to press the buzzer again if there is a mistake/illegal substitution.
2nd referee looks to the scorer for two hands OK signal, then turns to the 1st Referee to repeat the two hands OK signal. / Must enter the substitution zone. Under the direction of the 2nd referee, stands on the side line holding the paddle high and exchanges it with the player with the corresponding number who leaves the court
/ Makes the official substitution signal
Starts the next rally with the whistle.
2.The scorer sees a player approaching the substitution zone, e.g. from the warm-up area, some moments after his/her colleague, and attempting to make a second substitution request
A.2nd Referee takes action, so that the player does not get the opportunity to enter the substitution zone; so no formal request has been madeScorer Action/Actions / 2nd Referee Action/Actions / Player Action/Actions / 1st Referee Action/Actions
NO ACTION! / Note: it is preferred if the referee acts intelligently and stops the late player crossing the dotted line to the substitution zone, so that no improper request is formally made. / Player returns to bench/warm-up area / Can support the 2nd referee if necessary to reject.
Starts the next rally with the whistle
b. Player physically steps into the substitution zone, so a formal, late and therefore improper request has been madeScorer Action/Actions / 2nd Referee Action/Actions / Player Action/Actions / 1st Referee Action/Actions
NO ACTION! / The 2nd referee rejects without penalty this second request and looks to the scorer for the two hands OK, then turns to 1st Referee to repeat the two hands OK. Although without penalty, this is still an improper request, and the 2nd referee will instruct the scorer to mark an X on the score sheet at the section headed IMPROPER REQUESTS, but only at the end of the rally. / Returns to the bench/warm-up area
/ Can support the 2nd referee if necessary to reject.
Starts the next rally with the whistle
3.The substitution request is a double substitution i.e. two players approach clearly at the same time. Note: this procedure also applies to multiple substitutionsScorer Action/Actions / 2nd Referee Action/Actions / Player Action/Actions / 1st Referee Action/Actions
Presses the buzzer, starts the checking and recording process. No eye contact or raised hand is necessary.
Raises two hands when the FIRST substitution record is completed.
Starts the second recording process. He/she does NOT press the buzzer twice for a double substitution as this could be confused with an illegal substitution. MUST press the buzzer again if the opponent team also makes a request during the same interruption.
Raises two hands as OK
/ On hearing the buzzer, the 2nd referee moves to a position between the scorer and the post and, while looking at the player who is holding the paddle:-
▪directs one of them to stand back from the side line, to allow the scorer to see the previous exchange taking place, then
▪authorises and controls each exchange using body language. One pair of players at a time, with the crossing or arms signal.
▪After the first substitution, LOOKS FOR OK signal from the scorer before making a second substitution (or subsequent substitutions), to avoid confusion or mistakes.
2nd referee looks to the scorer for FINAL two hands OK, then turns to the 1st Referee to repeat the two hands OK. / EACH must enter the substitution zone at the same time. One player stays back from the side line, to allow the scorer to see the first exchange taking place. Under the direction of the 2nd referee the first pair of players exchange the paddle.
Second pair of players are then called together for the second substitution
/ Makes the official substitution signal or directs attention of the 2nd referee to another team requesting substitution.
Starts the next rally with the whistle
4.After the whistle for service, a player or players enter the substitution zoneScorer Action/Actions / 2nd Referee Action/Actions / Player Action/Actions / 1st Referee Action/Actions
In this situation, if the scorer mistakenly presses the buzzer, the match must not be interrupted!
Takes direction from the second referee about how to record.
Does not record Improper Request unless instructed to do so by the 2nd Referee. / The 2nd referee rejects without penalty. This is an improper request, (as it was in the previous rules). The 2nd referee will instruct the scorer to mark an X on the score sheet at the section headed IMPROPER REQUESTS, but only at the end of the rally. The second referee informs the relevant coach. / Returns to bench or warm up area
/ Since the buzzer is only an attention device, it must not stop the play
a)Where no buzzer is available, a similar sound device may be used.
b)The default position of the 2nd Referee during the substitution process is now between the post and the scorer. The 2nd Referee must no longer go to the junction of the attack and side line.
c)The request for substitution is assumed at the moment a player crosses into the substitution zone (At no time is the coach permitted to enter the substitution zone). This must be when the ball is out of play and before the whistle for service. At that moment the scorer will acknowledge that the substitution has been seen, and announce it, by using the buzzer or, if necessary, the 2nd Referee will whistle. When a buzzer, or other sound device, is used to acknowledge and announce the substitution, the scorer does not use the one hand signal.
d)It is the 2nd Referee who controls, supervises and authorises the substitutions. He/she no longer uses the substitution signal but does make the signal ‘crossing of the arms’ for the players to exchange across the sideline.
e)A substitute entering the substitution zone is assumed as a request for substitution. A coach making a signal, or indicating the number of substitutes, is not a valid request. Coaches must be discouraged from making such signals. Coaches do not use the team buzzer for substitutions. Coaches need do nothing except send their substitute(s) into the substitution zone at the correct time.
Exceptions to c) & d) : The 2nd referee and coach use the substitution signal only on two occasions, to aid communication (i) in the case of exceptional substitutions, (ii) where there is a substitution caused by a discrepancy between the line up sheet and the line up on the court. Where a substitution is requested by the coach prior to a set, as a result of an incorrect line up with the wrong player on court, it is not necessary for the player to enter the court to make the exchange. On these two occasions, and only these two occasions, the coach uses the buzzer for the substitution request.
f)A coach may change his/her mind and reduce the number of substitutions without consequence, provided there is no delay to the game. This does not constitute an Improper Request.
g)For the process to take place efficiently, and be recorded accurately, the substitute must hold the paddle high, and it is exchanged high between the players so that it can be seen by the scorer. If the paddle is correctly shown, there should be a minimal delay before the player enters the court. As soon as the player leaving the court reaches the substitution zone, it should be possible for the substitute to enter.
h)Where there are two or more substitutions, the second and any subsequent substitute(s) must report to the substitution zone at the same time as the first substitute. The substitute(s) enter the zone but must not impede the work of the scorer.
i)Multiple substitutions may only be completed in succession: first, one pair of players, then another, etc., in order for the scorer to take due note and check them one by one. When the scorer has completed the recording of the substitution, he/she will give the OK signal with two hands. Only then does any subsequent substitute from the same team commence his/her substitution process.
j)It is not normally a delay if a player exits the court slowly, delay only involves the player(s) entering, or about to enter the court.
In matches at National level, and below, where there may be no paddles and/or scorer’s buzzer, it is recommended that the following amendments are made:-
▪The Scorer is equipped with an alternative sound device or the 2nd Referee will use his/her whistle
▪The Scorer will additionally use the ‘one hand’ process to show that the substitution is acknowledged.
A team’s complete uniform, including long pants, ’cycling’ shorts/leggings, must be submitted at the time of the Preliminary Inquiry; including the captain’s shirt with captain’s stripe, and libero shirt of a contrasting colour.
- Captain’s shirt, with captain’s stripe
- Libero shirt (if applicable) in contrasting colour
- Team shorts (Short numbers not required)
- ‘Long’ pants (if applicable) – same colour and design
- Tight fitting cycling shorts (if applicable) – same colour and design
Note: Long pants and tight fitting cycling shorts may be of different lengths, but must be of the same colour.
Prior to the Match
Prior to the match, the First Referee is required to check the uniforms. If they are not in accordance with Rule 4.3, and/or the Guidelines issued by WOVD, they must be changed. Referees are instructed to report to the Jury member any possible infringement and await his/her decision on whether or not to permit the player(s) to participate in the match. A team allowing a player(s) to enter the court incorrectly dressed during a match, will be sanctioned by the Competitions Commission.
Rule 20.2.1 states: “Participants must behave respectfully and courteously in the spirit of FAIR PLAY, not only towards the referees, but also towards other officials, the opponents, team-mates and spectators”.
FAIR PLAY to opponents also applies to not wearing a uniform which is in breach of the rules and/or is designed to gain an advantage.
It is hoped that all participants will conform voluntarily to the rules on uniform. However, in the case of an official protest, or a suspected breach of the uniform rule, arrangements will be made for the immediate inspection of the player’s uniform by the Technical Delegate or the appointed WOVD representative.
In the case of a female player, if the Technical Delegate is not female, inspection will be by a female representative of the Technical Delegate or the appointed WOVD representative.