Chemistry: Chemical Reaction

Bohr Diagrams connecting with Planets and the Sun

How to draw a Bohr Diagram?

Step 1: Figure out the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in the atom.

Step 2: Draw the nucleus with an p+ and No inside

Step 3: Draw the first level of electrons. Only up to 2 electrons for the first level.

Step 4: If necessary, draw second electron level. Draw up to 8 electrons for second level.

Step 5: If necessary, draw third electron level. Draw up to 8 electrons for third level.

Step 6: If necessary, draw fourth electrons level. Draw up to 18 electrons for fourth level.

Figure out the number of protons, neutrons and electrons in the atom:

Protons: The atomic number is the number of protons in an atom. As an example Lithium has an atomic number of 3. Therefore, atom of Lithium has 3 protons in its nucleus.

Electrons: Same numbers of protons.

Neutrons: Is the atomic weight. Atomic weight is basically a measurement of the total number of particles in an atom.

Explanation:

I chose this key point because Bohr diagrams show how electrons orbit the energy around the nucleus. Bohr diagrams can hold various energy levels/electrons. Energy level 1 may hold up to 2 electrons, energy level 2 may hold up to 8 electrons and so on with the third,

A “Real Life” application/situation of the Bohr diagram is like the planets orbit around the sun. The nucleus is the main part of the atom. Just like the sun is the main part of the universe. We need the light and heat from the sun or else nothing will be able to grow without the nutrition from the sun. All living life on the earth will starve or freeze to death without the sun. The Earth is placed in a very specific point. if we were one degree to the left or right we would freeze or burn to death. Bohr diagrams are very specific as well. You have to make sure you get the right number of electrons, neutrons and protons or else your Bohr diagram will be incorrect. Even not following the right pattern of the elements will cause the Bohr diagram to be incorrect.

Website:

The websites I choose were good at explaining the key points because they gave photos to better understand the concept. This helps because researchers say 30% of the population uses visual thinking, 45% of the population uses both visual/spatial thinking and 25% thinks exclusively in words. I also chose these websites because having pictures and words help all people learn to there best and understand the article better. The websites also have tips for when you do the Bohr Diagrams so it will make it easier for you to do them.

Book or journal Article: