Atomic Structure Study Guide

Atomic Structure Study Guide

Atomic Structure Study Guide

“Nothing exists except atoms and empty space; everything else is opinion.”

Democritus (Greek Philosopher, 460-370 BC)

Tentative Unit Test Date: Friday November 9, 2013

Essential Questions:

  • What are atoms?
  • How big are they?
  • What are atoms made of?
  • How do atoms differ from each other?
  • Are all atoms of an element the same?

Vocabulary:Must know vocabulary!

actinides / electronegativity / lanthanides / orbital
alkali metals / energy sublevel / mass number / Pauli Exclusion principle
alkaline earth metals / family / metals / period
atom / group / metalloids / principle energy level
atomic number / halogens / neutron / proton
atomic radius / Hund’s rule / noble gases / representative elements
Aufbau principle / inner transition metals / nonmetals / semi-metals
charge / ion / nuclear charge / shielding effect
diagonal rule / ionization energy / nucleus / spectroscope
electron / isotope / nuclear charge / valence electrons
electron configuration

Textbook Connections:

Chapter 4 / Atomic Structure / pages 100-125
Chapter 5 / Electrons in Atoms / pages 126-153
Chapter 6 / The Periodic Table / pages 154-185

If you need additional practice problems, complete the problems that show the answer in Appendix E so that you can check your answers. If you do problems that do not have an answer in Appendix E, see Mrs. Culbertson to check your answers.

Date / Topic / Due
M 10/7 / Organization of the Periodic Table - Review & Puzzles / Organization of the P.T. Flipped Video Due
T 10/8 / History of the Atom - Review, Puzzle, Demonstrations & Animations / History of the Atom Flipped Video Due
Build an Atom Pre-Test on Edline Due
W 10/9 / Build an Atom
R 10/10 / Isotopes - Practice (Option: Atomic Radiation & Half-Life) / Isotopes Flipped Video Due
F 10/11 / Isotopes - Practice (Option: Atomic Radiation & Half-Life) / Flipped Classroom Survey on Edline Due
M 10/14 / Average Atomic Mass - Practice (Option: Atomic Radiation & Half-Life) / Average Atomic Mass Flipped Video Due
T 10/15 / Candium Lab
W 10/16 / Atomic Structure Quiz & Electron Distribution of Peas Lab / Atomic Structure Quiz
R 10/17 / Electron Configurations Inquiry 1 / Initial Posting for Isotopes Extra Credit Due
M 10/21 / Cracking the Periodic Code - Electron Configurations Inquiry 2
T 10/22 / Electron Configurations Practice / Electron Configurations Flipped Video Due
W 10/23 / Electron Configurations Practice & Heisenburg's Apartment
R 10/24 / Patterns in Electron Configurations & Valence Electrons
F 10/25 / Electron Configuration Quiz & Electron Configurations Battleship / Electron Configuration Quiz
M 10/28 / Electron Configurations & Stability
T 10/29 / Flame Test Lab Execution / Final Postings for Isotopes Extra Credit Due
Closed-toe shoes needed for lab
W 10/30 / Flame Test Lab Conclusion
R 10/31 / Periodic Trends Straw Lab
M 11/4 / Periodic Trends Straw Lab
T 11/5 / Periodic Trends Straw Lab Review & Lab Quiz / Periodic Trends Quiz
W 11/6 / Atomic Structure Review Packet
R 11/7 / Atomic Structure Jeopardy
F 11/8 / Atomic Structure Exam / Atomic Structure Exam

Extension Activities:: Choose 3 of the following questions, complete, and turn in the day of the unit test (or before if you finished early for 3 points extra credit). Be sure to identify the number of the question you are answering. All answers should be written in complete sentences with the exception of #1.

With the exception of #1, all work must be typed.

  1. Make a concept map with arrows to show hierarchy and descriptions for each of the following terms: atom, electron, neutron, proton, quarks, gluons, isotope, nucleus, mesons, and matter. All words must be on the same concept map (i.e. you cannot split the words into multiple concept maps).
  2. Each scientist bases his/her work on that of their predecessors. List five main contributors to the atomic theory and explain what and how each contributed to the modern atomic theory. Please, summarize each scientist’s contribution in no more than two sentences.
  3. Imagine “standing” on top of a carbon-14 nucleus,
  4. Describe the numbers and kinds of subatomic particles you would see looking down at your feet.
  5. Describe the numbers and kinds of subatomic particles you would see looking out from where you are standing.
  6. If the bulk of an atom is empty space, why don’t we fall through the seat of a chair when we try to sit down or slip through walls when we lean against them?
  7. Diamond and graphite are both composed only of carbon atoms. The density of diamond is 3.52 g/cm3. The density of graphite is 2.25 g/cm3.
  8. Use modern atomic theory to explain how carbon can have two different densities.
  9. Which would weigh more, a cubic inch of graphite or a cubic inch of diamond? Calculate the mass of each and then explain in a complete sentence.